IV. Rosebud Sioux Tribe
- Assessment of Housing Needs and Socioeconomic Conditions on the Rosebud Reservation
This report comprises Appendix I of the report, Tribal Socioeconomic And Housing Assessment (With Housing Plans), prepared by Wagenlander and Associates in Denver, Colorado, and Deward E. Walker, Jr. and Lawrence W. Pritchard in Boulder Colorado. It was presented to the Rosebud Sioux Tribe, the Rosebud Housing Authority, and the Economic Development Committee. During the preliminary and fieldwork phases, we collected demographic, socioeconomic, and housing information from a variety of sources. These data are presented here in four parts: Part II General Findings, Part III Demographic and Socioeconomic Conditions, Part IV Housing Needs Assessment, and Part V Supporting Data and Information.
Part II, General Findings, outlines the major findings derived from our analysis of the ethnographic, statistical, and other printed data. We have organized the general findings into five broad categories. Organizational findings deal with the structuring of the tribal housing entity as suggested in the Lazio Bill. Socioeconomic and demographic findings address ways to deal with the combined problems of population growth, widespread poverty, and a shortage of housing. Housing findings outline methods to provide better service to tenants, provide more housing to tribal members, and improve relations between communities and the tribal housing entity. Infrastructure findings suggest ways to improve some of the infrastructure problems facing the reservation. Finally, data collection findings suggest methods for the collection and maintenance of demographic, socioeconomic, and housing data so that the spirit of the "living housing needs assessment" can be perpetuated efficiently.
Part III, Demographic and Socioeconomic Conditions, reviews population growth and the economy on Rosebud Reservation. The data for this section come primarily from the U.S. Census, the Tribal Roll, and other statistical data from state and local entities. The major conclusions are that the Indian population on the reservation is young and growing rapidly. Moreover, the poverty rate is high and employment is low. These factors contribute to the acute shortage of affordable housing. Due to the growing population, the housing and economic situation on the reservation may become more pronounced in the future.
Part IV, Housing Needs Assessment, presents our assessment of current housing conditions, as well as the housing needs of specific subpopulations on the reservation. In this section, we draw on data from RHA records, interviews, and ethnographic observation. We begin this section with an overview of RHA housing in each of the 20 reservation communities. We then discuss the results of interviews with tribal members. Because many tribal members expressed dissatisfaction with the RHA maintenance department, we discuss the maintenance department in more detail. We conclude Part IV with a discussion of the housing needs of the Rosebud Casino employees, veterans, and the elderly.
Part V, Supporting Data and Information, discusses the methods employed in the collection and analysis of the data. We present a full listing of all individuals contacted, as well as all data sources consulted. We conclude Part V with a discussion of data quality.
- U.S. Census Challenge Correspondence
These documents provide arguments and evidence in support of ethnographic evaluation as a means of accurately enumerating the Indian population on the Rosebud Reservation in South Dakota. We document several key factors, outlined below, that may have led to an undercount on the Rosebud Reservation during the 1990 U.S. Census.
- Residential mobility: This can include migrant workers, persons that move during census time, or persons that do not have a permanent residence.
- Language and literacy barriers: This can lead to a failure to complete or the inaccurate completion of census questionnaires.
- Concealment of information: This is frequently combined with a disbelief in census confidentiality and is motivated by a desire to protect resources, such as illicit income, or fear of retribution from authorities for violation of housing codes or other regulations.
- Irregular and complex household arrangements: This can include non-traditional housing, such as tents, huts, cabins, or garages; housing in isolated or hard to find areas; housing units with extended families or multiple families.
- Resistance as a strategy for dealing with outsiders: This can be passive or active resistance and is directed especially toward government representatives.
Our extended, direct field research indicates that at least two primary sources, the 1989 BIA Labor Force Report and the RST Tribal Roll, provide more accurate population data than the 1990 U.S. Census. Based upon these two sources, we estimate that there are between 16,000 and 18,000 Indians living on the Rosebud Reservation and Trust Lands. The uncritical reliance upon U.S. Census data by state and federal agencies can unjustly penalize Indians living on Reservations. Moreover, insistence that challenges to U.S. Census data be based upon standard census procedures not only places unfair financial and temporal burdens upon the RST, it also fails to account for the unique and challenging conditions for enumeration that exist on the Rosebud Reservation. The use of standard census procedures to challenge the U.S. Census would only lead to the same shortcomings as found in the 1990 U.S. Census data. In short, our ethnographic method is superior, more efficient, and more economical than standard census procedures and allows tribes the means to challenge U.S. Census figures when necessary.
- Grant Application for the Round II Rural Empowerment Zone
This Round II Empowerment Zone application was submitted to the United States Department of Agriculture by the Rosebud Sioux Tribe. The application is presented under two covers: Binder 1 contains Volume I, Volume II, Attachments 1 and 2, and three Maps. Binder 2 contains all of the supporting documents in six appendices.
Volume I consists of six sections. Section 1 identifies the Lead and Participating Entities and discusses the selection of the participants. Section 2 describes the planning process. Section 3 establishes the eligibility of the proposed Rosebud Empowerment Zone. Section 4 describes the economic and social conditions in the Rosebud EZ. Section 5 describes the roles and capacities of each participating entity to carry out the Strategic Plan. Section 6 provides information on the public announcements, press releases, and correspondence dealing with the Empowerment Zone application process. Section 7 provides letters of support from key participating entities. We have no additional materials to be included in Section 8. The signed Round II Rural Empowerment Zone Application Form RD25-1 is located at the front of Volume I after the Executive Summary.
Volume II consists of 4 major sub-parts. Part 1 consists of four sections that describe the Strategic Plan Vision, community values, problems and opportunities facing the community, resources available for development, and the goals and strategies for obtaining the Strategic Vision. Part 2 consists of three sections and describes the work plan, operational budget, and the uses of grant funds in the Strategic Plan. Part 3 consists of four sections and proposes the mechanisms that will ensure community involvement in the Strategic Plan. It also describes how the Strategic Plan will be evaluated and how new information and experiences will be incorporated into benchmark amendments. Part 4 consists of six sections and reviews the Lead Entity and its capacity to carry out the Strategic Plan. It also provides a list of participating entities that will serve on the Empowerment Zone Board and discusses the partnerships that will facilitate the creation of the Board. Finally, this part proposes a series of media that will be used to inform the public about the progress of the Strategic Plan and for soliciting public participation in the review and amendment process. At the end of Volume II is Attachment 1 containing diagrams outlining the Rosebud Strategic Vision and Attachment 2 which contains the benchmark worksheets that detail the strategies and budget for achieving our goals.
Six appendices for Volume I and Volume II are under a separate cover titled Appendices. Appendix A contains the pre-certification application, letter of approval of pre-certification from the USDA, as well as other relevant correspondence. Appendix B contains public information materials such as newspaper clippings and letters of announcement to Tribal communities, as well as the minutes from the Steering Committee and community meetings. Appendix C contains the letters of support from key participating entities described in the Strategic Plan. Appendix D provides a copy of the most recent audited financial statement for the Lead Entity (Rosebud Sioux Tribe). Appendix E presents detailed socioeconomic data for Todd and Mellette counties. Finally, Appendix F contains an environmental assessment of hydrocarbon contamination in Mission, South Dakota.
The Rosebud Empowerment Zone Vision is to move from its predominantly grant and aid based economy toward a self-sustaining economy that generates business income and employment. We plan to take advantage of existing physical, human, and technical resources to create jobs in our community. We have developed nine goals designed to provide economic opportunities, promote sustainable economic development, stimulate community-based partnerships, and ultimately realize our Strategic Vision for change.
- Overall Economic Development Plan
The 1998 Rosebud Sioux Tribe Overall Economic Development Plan (OEDP) is an outgrowth of the Round II Rural Empowerment Zone Application submitted to the U.S. Department of Agriculture
The OEDP Strategic Vision is to move the Reservation from its predominantly grant and aid based economy toward a self-sustaining economy that generates business income and employment. We plan to take advantage of existing physical, human, and technical resources to create jobs in our community. We have developed nine goals designed to provide economic opportunities, promote sustainable economic development, stimulate community-based partnerships, and ultimately realize our Strategic Vision for change.
- Goal 1: Create a permanent economic development planning institution.
- Goal 2: Centralize planning and development information for the OEDP Area.
- Goal 3: Improve understanding of Reservation and non-Reservation economics among community members.
- Goal 4: Provide technical assistance to business persons.
- Goal 5: Conduct primary business sector feasibility studies in the OEDP Area.
- Goal 6: Provide capital/credit for economic development.
- Goal 7: Clean up the environment.
- Goal 8: Provide economic and social opportunities that are meaningful to youth.
- Goal 9: Determine the degree to which health-dependent individuals impede the employability of other family members.
Most of these goals are intended to be realized within a two-year time table through the concerted efforts of various departments within the Rosebud Sioux Tribe in cooperation with other non-Tribal entities and agencies. The key component of future economic development on the Reservation is the creation and direction of the Rosebud Economic Development Corporation (REDCO). REDCO will be a politically neutral economic development lead entity for the OEDP Area. REDCO will consist of a geographically representative board of directors and will be a separately chartered entity of the Tribe with its own decision-making authority. It will have at least 3 full-time staff: 1) Executive Director (local facilitator), 2) Economic Development Specialist (one who can think locally but act globally), and 3) Administrative Assistant. Some of the duties of the staff would include: 1) conducting feasibility studies, 2) conducting marketing studies, 3) procuring technical assistance, 4) contacting and working with off-reservation business entities, 5) gathering information on economic development models from other reservations, 6) gathering information on non-reservation economic models, and 7) conducting community research on specific problems.
- Response to Proposal for Ranch Management and Profitability Planning
This proposal was submitted to the Rosebud Sioux Tribe in response to their Request For Proposal for Ranch Management and Profitability Planning by the Rosebud Sioux Tribe. The RST is seeking to develop a newly acquired 4,500 acre ranch and to integrate this development with youth training, rehabilitation, and education. The work plan proposed by Walker Research Group, Ltd. consists of three major parts: 1) Phase 1 - Baseline Data Collection, 2) Phase 2 - Ranch Management and Profitability Analysis, and 3) Youth Training Planning and Development
The first phase would consist of fieldwork on the Rosebud Sioux Reservation and surrounding areas. This would be an intensive period of data collection that would lay the foundation for the other two phases. The second phase would consist of analysis of the data collected in Phase 1 and would take place in Boulder, Colorado. During this phase, WRG would develop several profitability scenarios for the ranch. The final phase would also occur in Boulder and would investigate ways to incorporate youth training, rehabilitation, and education into ranch activities.
It is anticipated that the methods employed in this ranch management and profitability study, as well as the final structure of the ranch enterprise, will serve as a model for other areas of development on the Reservation.
- Grant Application for the Rural Housing and Economic Development Program Fiscal Year 1999
This Rural Housing and Economic Development (RHED) grant application is submitted to the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development by the Rosebud Sioux Tribe (RST) of South Dakota. The RST is seeking a confidential sum of money under the Seed Support category of the FY 1999 RHED Program for the creation, hiring and training of staff, and acquisition of office space, equipment and supplies for the Rosebud Economic Development Corporation (REDCO). The Rosebud Sioux Tribe will contribute a substantial amount of money toward the creation of REDCO and to capitalize a revolving loan fund for Tribal entrepreneurs. REDCO is expected to be fully functioning by the end of 1999.
This application is divided into two major sections: 1) the Statement of Work which consists of the Introduction and Summary, Description and History of the Applicant, Need and Extent of the Problem, Objective of the Proposed Program, Leveraged Resources and Commitments of support, Community Involvement in the Planning Process, and Conclusion; 2) a series of appendices containing information relevant to the application. Of special note is Appendix A which contains form SF- 424, the budget, certifications, acknowledgement of receipt, and the environmental assurance