Deward E. Walker, Jr., Ph.D.

Walker Research Group, Ltd.

Curriculum Vitae

(A complete c.v. is available upon request)

Updated: March 6, 2008


I. Biographical Information

Date of Birth: August 3, 1935
Military Service: US Army 1954-1962; Honorable Discharge
Married: Candace Arroyo de Walker, Six Children

II. Education

1964 Ph.D., Anthropology, University of Oregon
Dissertation: "Schismatic Factionalism and the Development of Nez Perce Pentecostalism"
1962 Washington State University, Summer School in Ethnology and
1961-1962 Archaeological Excavations on the John Day River, Central Oregon
1961 University of Oregon, Summer School in Archaeology. John Day River Excavation, Eugene, Oregon
1960-1961 B.A., Anthropology, University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon
1958-1959 Mexico City College, Mexico, D.F. (University of the Americas) Ethnographic and Linguistic Field Research in the Valley of Mexico
1956-1958 Eastern Oregon University, LaGrande, Oregon
1953-1954 Eastern Oregon University, LaGrande, Oregon
1951-1953 Fork Union Military Academy, Fork Union, Virginia

III. University Appointments

1969-present Professor, Department of Anthropology, University of Colorado, Boulder
1992-present Professor, Department of Ethnic Studies/ Department of Ethnic Studies, University of Colorado, Boulder. Joint appointment with the Department of Anthropology.
1982 Lecturer, Summer Institute on Native American Religion Department of Religious Studies University of Colorado, Boulder
1973-1976 Associate Dean of the Graduate School, University of Colorado, Boulder
1971-present Research Associate, Laboratory of Anthropology, University of Idaho, Moscow
1970-1973 Instructor, University of Colorado on the Pine Ridge Reservation, South Dakota
1969-1974 Research Associate, Population Processes Program - Institute of Behavioral Science, University of Colorado, Boulder
1967-1969 Research Collaborator, Washington State University, Pullman and Idaho State University, Pocatello
1967-1969 Chairman, Associate Professor and Director, Laboratory of Anthropology Department of Sociology and Anthropology, University of Idaho, Moscow
1965-1967 Assistant Professor of Anthropology, Washington State University, Pullman
1964-1965 Assistant Professor of Anthropology, The George Washington University, Washington, DC
1961-1962 Research Assistant (Archaeology), University of Oregon, Eugene

IV. Areas of Specialization

  • Acculturation and Cultural Change
  • Natural and Cultural Resources
    • Sacred Geography
    • Fisheries
    • Water
  • Applied Anthropology
    • Legal Anthropology
    • Cultural and Environmental Impact Studies
    • Anthropology of Education and Health Research
    • Community Development
  • Demography
  • Ethnographic Reconstruction and Description
  • Ethnology of Northwestern North America -- Plateau, Northwestern Plains, and Northern Great Basin
  • Ethnological Theory and Method
  • Ethnohistory
  • Religion, Folklore, and Language
  • Cultures of the Southwest: Hispanic, Hopi, and Navajo

V. Awards, Honors, and Professional Acknowledgements

2007-2008 Facilitator for “Understanding our Green World.” Intellectual Rights Roundtable, CU Museum.
2006 Moderator for “Understanding Water Resources on Tribal Lands.” Panel discussion in conjunction with “Native Waters: Sharing the Source,” an exhibit at the CU Museum.
2006 Chair of the Recruitment Committee for a Position in American Indian Studies, Department of Ethnic Studies
2006 Member of the Internal Program Review Committee, Department of Ethnic Studies
2005-present Associate Chair of the Department of Ethnic Studies.
2005 Chair of the Leeds School of Business Internal Review Committee.
2004-present Member of the BFA Budget and Planning Committee
2004-present Member of the Appeals Committee on Academic Rules and Policies (ACARP)
2004 Archival of 101 Nez Perce legends by the University of California, Berkeley, Language Archive Program.
2004 Invited panel moderator for the 2004 Conference on World Affairs at the University of Colorado, Boulder. Panel on “Indigenous Groups and the Struggle for Independence.”
2004-2006 Member of the Licensing Advisory Committee.
2004 Invited panel moderator for the International Law Student Fall Conference, at the University of Colorado, Boulder, “Challenges Facing Developing Countries.” Panel on “Indigenous Rights, Local Resources, and International Law.”
2003 Invited member of symposium on “Politics, Practice, and Theory: Repatriation as a Force of Change in Contemporary America.”
2003 Invited presenter at session “Trouble in Paradise: Violence and Conflict Among the Indigenous Peoples of the Americas” at the AAA meeting in Chicago, November 19-23.
2002-present Inclusion in Who’s Who in the World, Nineteenth Edition, 2002. The Marquis Who’s Who Publications Board.
2002 Inclusion in the American Academy of Religion’s online database of scholars, “Religionsource.”
2001 Nomination for membership to the Technical Recovery Team for the Interior Columbia Basin Salmon Recovery Domain by the Shoshone-Paiute Tribes of the Duck Valley Indian Reservation, Owyhee, Nevada.
2001 Member of the St. Paul Island Heritage Committee (Alaska).
2001 Invited member of EPA Region 8’s October Native American Sacred Lands Forum.
2001 Acknowledgement by the Nez Perce Tribal Executive Committee for Successful Efforts to Protect and Preserve the Sacred Sovereignty of the Nez Perce Tribe. Affirmed in U.S. v. Webb and upheld by the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit.
2000 Honorary Award of the "High Plains Society for Applied Anthropology" for creating the original steering committee that established the High Plains Society for Applied Anthropology
1998 Award for Service to the High Plains Society for Applied Anthropology.
1995 Commendation by Governor Lowry, State of Washington, for Service in the HEDR Project, Hanford, Washington.
1988-1995 Appointment to the Technical Steering Panel (TSP) for the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project (HEDRP), Hanford, Washington.
1995 Commendation Letter from SfAA for activities as Program Chair of 1995 Annual Meeting, Albuquerque, New Mexico.
1994 The Omer C. Stewart Memorial Award In Recognition of Exemplary Achievement, from the High Plains Society for Applied Anthropology.
1994 Best Professor, University of Colorado, Boulder. Boulder's Most Wanted: 1994, Boulder's Choice Awards.
1989-1995 Nomination for various teaching awards at the University of Colorado, Boulder.
1989 Formal Citation for "Outstanding Volunteer Efforts on the Chief Tendoy Cemetery Project" from the Bureau of Land Management, Salmon District, Idaho, January 1989.
1989 Certificate of Award by the Pawnee Tribe of Oklahoma in Recognition and Appreciation of Assistance in Securing Enactment of the Nebraska Unmarked Burial Sites and Skeletal Remains Protection Act, October 9, 1989, Nebraska, L.B. 340.
1989 National Award by the Bureau of Land Management "Volunteers for the Public Lands." Given for Outstanding Contributions to the Conservation of Cultural Resources on Public Lands associated with the Tendoy Cemetery and the Shoshone-Bannock Tribes of Idaho.
1988 Invited Testimony on "Amending the American Indian Religious Freedom Act," Before the U.S. Senate Select Committee on Indian Affairs, Washington, D.C.
1988 Invited Keynote Address to the Newberry Library Conference on American Indian Religious Freedom, Chicago.
1987 Invited Keynote Address Presented to the Harvard Workshop on Sacred Geography, Cambridge, Massachusetts.
1986 Invited Keynote Address, Northwestern Anthropological Conference "Anthropology and the Law: American Indians and Cultural Resource Management," Moscow, Idaho.
1984 Nomination for Solon T. Kimball Award in Applied Anthropology.
1982 Life Membership in the Society for Applied Anthropology. Awarded in 1982 for contributions to the Society and to the field of Applied Anthropology.
1982 Invited Keynote Address, "Legal and Political History of the Indians of Idaho," Idaho State Legislature, Boise, Idaho.
1973-1981 Administrative duties associated with being Editor of Human Organization, Treasurer of the Society for Applied Anthropology, Associate Editor of the American Anthropologist, and Associate Dean of the Graduate School.
1972 Invited Keynote Address: "The American Indian in Transition--Past as Prologue," Idaho State University, Pocatello.
1970 Invited Keynote Address: "The Ethics Controversy in Anthropology," Annual Meeting, Northwestern Anthropological Conference, Corvallis, Oregon.
1968 Sigma Xi Prize for Best Research Contribution, University of Idaho, Moscow.
1967 Sigma Xi Prize for Best Research Contribution, University of Idaho, Moscow.
1965-present Fellow, Society for Applied Anthropology.
1965-present Fellow, American Anthropological Association.
1962 Cressman Prize for Best Essay in Anthropology, University of Oregon, Eugene.
1961-1964 NDEA Fellow, University of Oregon, Eugene.
1961 NSF Research Fellow (Archaeology), Summer, University of Oregon, Eugene.
1961 B.A. with Honors, University of Oregon, Eugene.

VI. Editorial Appointments

2007-Present Reviewer for the Journal of Anthropology.
2007-Present Reviewer for Great Plains Research.
2006-Present Member, Editorial Advisory Board, for Time and Mind: The Journal of Archaeology, Consciousness, and Culture.
2004-Present Reviewer for the University of New Mexico Press.
2004-Present Reviewer for the University of Oklahoma Press.
2004-present Reviewer for Educational Research.
2004-present System Reviewer for AERA Journal.
2001-present Member, Editorial Advisory Board for Cultural Anthropology: The Field Study of Human Beings, Edition. Collegiate Press, 1117 Columbia St., San Diego, CA 92101
1999-present Consulting Editor, Contemporary Philosophy.
1999-present Consulting Editor and Board Member, Colorado Journal of Environmental Law and Policy.
1995-2005 Editor, High Plains Applied Anthropologist, High Plains Society for Applied Anthropology.
1973-1974 Associate Editor, American Anthropologist, American Anthropological Association.
1971-1998 Editor, Handbook of North American Indians, Plateau Volume. Smithsonian Institution.
1970-1976 Editor, Human Organization, Society for Applied Anthropology.
1966-present Founder and Co-Editor, with Roderick Sprague, Northwest Anthropological Research Notes (Journal of Northwest Anthropology), Moscow, University of Idaho.

VII. Recent Editorial Consultation

2007 Review of "Understanding Sacred Lands" for Great Plains Research.
2007 Review of Signs of the Casas Grandes Shamans by Christine S. Vanpool and Todd L. Vanpool. Salt Lake City: The University of Utah Press. For American Anthropologist. (In press.)
2007 Review of Anthropology and Contemporary Human Problems, 5th ed., by John H. Bodley. For Rowman and Littlefield.
2007 Review of Black Drink: A Native American Tea. Charles M. Hudson, editor. For Magic, Ritual, and Witchcraft. 2(2): Winter 2007.
2006 Review of Native American Placenames of the United States by William Bright. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, OK. 2004.
2004 Review of The Indian Photographs of Major Lee Moorhouse by Steven L. Grafe for the University of Oklahoma Press.
2004 Review of Bernie Whitebear: Modern Day Warrior by Lawney Reyes for the University of Arizona Press.
2004 Review of Mulattas and Mestizas: Representing Mixed Identities in the Americas, 1850-2000 by Suzanne Bost for the Kayden University Press Book Award.
2003 Review of technical report, “Enhanced Training in Idaho: Integrated Cultural Resources Management Plan” for the Shoshone Paiute Tribes of the Duck Valley Indian Reservation.
2003 Review of technical report, “Integrated Natural Resource Management Plan” for the Shoshone Paiute Tribes of the Duck Valley Indian Reservation.
2003 Review of Nez Perce: Native Americans (a National Geographic children’s book) for Morrison Bookworks.
2003 Primary consultant on The Shoshone: Pine Nut Harvesters of the Great Basin by Kristin Thoennes Keller. Blue Earth Books (Capstone Press). Mankato, Minnesota.
2003 Review of manuscript, “Out of Heaviness, Enlightenment: NAGPRA and the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology.” For Expeditions: The Magazine of the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology.
2003 Review of manuscript, “Matches’ Sketchbook: Native American POW Art from Fort Marion,” by William Wierzbowski. For Expeditions: The Magazine of the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology
2003 Review of Plains Indian Rock Art by James Keyser and Michael Klassen. For the Montana Historical Society.
2002 Review of manuscript, “A Buried Promise: The Palus Jefferson Presidential Peace Medal,” by Roderick Sprague and Cheryl Gunselman. For Washington State University.
2002 Review of Picking Up the Drum, by Fermore Craig. For the Oregon Historical Quarterly, Oregon Historical Society.
2002 Review of Excavating Voices: Listening to Photographs of Native Americans, by Michael Katakis, ed. For Expeditions: The Magazine of the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology. Vol. 44, Number 3, Winter, 2002.
2002 Review of Living in Balance: The Universe of the Hopi, Zuni, Navajo, and Apache, by Dorothy K. Washburn. For Expeditions: The Magazine of the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology.
2002 Review of the film, The Main Stream, for Roger Weisberg of Public Policy Productions, Inc.
2002 Review of A Will to Survive, by Stephen Greymorning. For McGraw-Hill.
2001-present Member, Editorial Advisory Board for Cultural Anthropology: The Field Study of Human Beings, 2nd Edition. Collegiate Press, 1117 Columbia St., San Diego, CA 92101
2001 Review of Boundaries Between: Southern Paiute Interethnic Relations, 1775-1995, by Martha C. Knack for McGraw-Hill Companies.
2001 Review of A Will to Survive; Indigenous Essays on Language and the Politics of Culture and Identity, by Stephen Greymorning.
2001 Review of Sanctuaries of Culture and Nature, for University of Utah Press.
2001 Review of “Picking Up the Drum: Fermore Craig,” for Oregon Historical Quarterly.
2001 Review of Firsthand Accounts of the Events Leading to the Nez Perce Treaty of 1863, for University of Idaho Press.
2001 Review of In Our Own Words: Indigenous Essays on Identity and Cultural Resilience, by Stephen Greymorning. Editorially reviewed for McGraw-Hill Companies.
2001 Review of Widening the Circle, by Dr. Beverly Klug and Dr. Patricia Whitfield. For Routledge, Falmer, Inc.
2000 Review of Sacred Objects, Sacred Places: Preserving Tribal Traditions, by Andrew Gulliford. For University Press of Colorado.
1999 Review of Introduction to Applied Anthropology by Margaret A. Gwynne. For McGraw-Hill.
1999 Review of Sacred Landscapes and Cultural Politics by Philip Arnold and Ann Grodzig Gold. For Syracuse University Press.
1967-present Continuing consultation with the University of Idaho Press, University of Oklahoma Press, and various commercial presses as well as the Canadian Encyclopedia, the National Geographic Society, Smithsonian Institution, National Science Foundation, National Endowment for the Humanities, National Endowment for the Arts, and Readers Digest in developing and producing authoritative works on the North American Indian topics, e.g., America's Fascinating Indian Heritage, and Handbook of North American Indians.
1966 Review of Black Robes and Indians on the Last Frontier by Maria Ilma Raufer. American Anthropologist, New Series, Vol. 68, No. 5 (Oct., 1966), pp. 1288-1290.

VIII. Memberships and Offices in Professional Societies

2004-present Reviewer for the journal Educational Researcher.
2001-present Advisory Board Member: High Desert Museum Fellowship Program
1994-1995 Program Chair, Society for Applied Anthropology, Albuquerque
1980-Present High Plains, Society for Applied Anthropology
1979-1980 Chair of Organizing Committee, High Plains Society for Applied Anthropology
1976-1979 Treasurer, Society for Applied Anthropology
1970-1979 Executive Committee, Society of Applied Anthropology
1970-Present Northwest Anthropological Conference
1969-Present American Indian Development, Academic Advisor 1980-1982
1967-1985 American Academy of Political and Social Sciences
1965-Present Society for Applied Anthropology
1966-Present American Anthropological Association
1966-1985 American Association for the Advancement of Science
1965-1985 Sigma Xi

IX. Research Groups and Sponsoring Agencies

Tribes and Tribal Groups:
 

Cheyenne-Araphao
Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe
Pine Ridge Sioux
Rosebud Sioux Tribe
Assiniboine-Sioux, Ft. Peck
Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation
Shoshone-Arapaho, Wind River
Shoshone-Bannock, Ft. Hall
Shoshone-Bannock, Lemhi
Shoshone-Paiute, Duck Valley Indian Reservation
Shoshone-Paiute, Ft. McDermitt
Paiute-Shoshone, Fallon
Great Lakes Tribes
Northern Paiute-Burns
Klamath
Confederated Tribes of the Warm Springs Reservation of Oregon

Hopi
Blackfeet
Coeur d’Alene
Kalispel/Pend d’Oreille
Confederated Colville Tribes
Spokane
Navajo
Nez Perce
Plateau: Salishan and Sahaptian Tribes
Washoe
Yakama
Bitterroot Salish
Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes
St. Regis Mohawk
Affiliated Tribes of Northwest Indians (ATNI)

Non-Tribal Groups and Agencies:
 

Bureau of Land Management
HEDR Project (DOE and CDC)
Pueblo Hispanic Chamber of Commerce
Native American Church of North America
Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry
Bureau of Reclamation
Department of Justice
Native American Rights Fund
National Endowment for the Humanities
Housing and Urban Development
Science Applications International Corporation

Indian Legal Services Organizations in the following
states:
    California, Colorado, Idaho, South Dakota,
    Alabama, Utah, Oregon, Washington
Board of Missions, United Presbyterian Church in the
    USA
Northwest Power Planning Council
National Science Foundation
Bureau of Indian Affairs
Indian Health Service
Department of Defense-Air Combat Command

X. Publications (*Peer Reviewed)

2008 NAGPRA in Southern Idaho: An Ethnographic Assessment of BLM Shoshone-Paiute Archaeological Collections. IN Kennewick Man: Perspectives on the Ancient One. Edited by H. Burke, C. Smith, D. Lippert, J. Watkins, and L. Zimmerman. Walnut Creek, CA: Left Coast Press.
2008 Kennewick Man: What Does the Future Hold? IN Kennewick Man: Perspectives on the Ancient One. Edited by H. Burke, C. Smith, D. Lippert, J. Watkins, and L. Zimmerman. Walnut Creek, CA: Left Coast Press.
2007 Walker, Deward E., Jr., and Pamela Graves. An Assessment of American Indian Occupation and Uses of the Cultural and Natural Resources of Grand Teton National Park and the National Elk Refuge. Denver, CO: National Park Service, Government Printing Office.
2006 “Nez Perce Reservation Allotment.” In Rising from the Ashes. Accepted.
2006 “Multicultural Literacy and the Public Schools of Pueblo, Colorado.” In Enduring Legacies. Accepted
2006 Review of “The Father Tells Me No!” for American Indian Culture and Research Journal.
2006 Review of Standing Ground: Yurok Indian Spirituality 1850-1990 by Thomas Buckley. For Transforming Anthropology 14(1): Spring 2006.
2006 Review of Chief Joseph, Yellow Wolf, and the Creation of Nez Perce History, by Robert McCoy. Pacific Historical Review. In press.
2006 Review of Native American Placenames of the United States by William Bright. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, OK. 2004.
2005 Review of "Restoring Indigenous History and Culture to Forest Ecosystems: Conservation, Restoration, and Timber Production in the Forest Matrix." Journal of Ecological Anthropology. In press.
2005 No Children Left Behind: Implementing the Multicultural Curriculum: Problems and Prospects. By Deward E. Walker, Jr., and Peter N. Jones. High Plains Applied Anthropologist 25(1): 23-32.
2005 Paiute Culture, Religion and Nature. Encyclopedia of Religion and Nature. In press.
*2005 Sacred Geography in Native North America. Encyclopedia of Religion and Nature. In press.
*2004 Anthropology. The Concise Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology and Behavioral Science. 3rd Ed. Edited by W. Edward Craighead and Charles B. Nemeroff. Hoboken, NJ : John Wiley & Sons.
*2003 Religious Leadership of the Plateau. Encyclopedia of American Indian Religious Traditions. In press.
*2003 Western Shoshone Culture, Religion and Nature. Encyclopedia of Religion and Nature. In press.
*2002 Implementing the Multicultural Curriculum: Problems and Prospects. By Deward E. Walker, Jr., and Peter N. Jones. DES: A Scholarly Journal of Ethnic Studies Vol. 1, No. 2, Fall, 2002.
*2001 Review of Sacred Objects and Sacred Places: Preserving Tribal Traditions, by Andrew Gulliford. American Anthropologist Vol. 103, No. 3.
*2001 Review of Keeping the Lakes’ Way. Pacific Northwest Quarterly Vol. 92, No. 2, Spring, 2001. With Peter N. Jones.
*2000 Other Perspectives on the Kennewick Man Controversy: A Few Observations. In American Anthropologist December, 2000. With Peter N. Jones.
*2000 The Yakama System of Trade and Exchange. By Deward E. Walker, Jr. DES: A Scholarly Journal of Ethnic Studies Vol. 1, No. 1, Spring 2000.
*2000 Anthropology, Tribes, and The Transformation of American Anthropology: A Few Observations. In High Plains Applied Anthropologist Vol.20, No.1, Spring, 2000. With Peter N. Jones.
*2000 Implementing the Multicultural Curriculum. In Northwest Anthropological Research Notes Vol. 32, No. 2. With Peter N. Jones.
*2000 The Nez Perce. In American Indians of the Pacific Northwest Website. University of Washington and the Library of Congress.
*2000 Review of Empty Nets: Indians, Dams, and the Columbia River by Roberta Ulrich. Pacific Northwest Quarterly, Winter 2000/2001.
*2000 Review of Skull Wars: Kennewick Man, Archaeology and the Battle for Native American Identity by David Hurst Thomas. American Anthropologist December 2000.
*2000 Review of Riddle of the Bones: Politics, Science, Race, and the Story of Kennewick Man by Roger Downey. American Anthropologist December 2000.
*1999 Review of The Night has a Naked Soul: Witchcraft and Sorcery Among the Western Cherokee by Alan Kirkpatrick. American Ethnologist.
*1999 A Revisionist View of Julian Steward from the Northern Great Basin." In Julian Steward and the Great Basin: The Making of an Anthropologist. Clemmer, Richard et al. Salt Lake, University of Utah Press.
*1998 The Handbook of North American Indians, Volume 12, Plateau. Washington, D.C., U.S. Government Printing Office. Editor and contributor. 818 pp.
*1998 Introduction. Handbook of North American Indians, Volume 12, Plateau. Washington, D.C., U.S. Government Printing Office.
*1998 History Until 1846. Handbook of North American Indians, Volume 12, Plateau. Washington, D.C., U.S. Government Printing Office. With Roderick Sprague.
*1998 Nez Perce. Handbook of North American Indians, Volume 12, Plateau. Washington, D.C., U.S. Government Printing Office.
*1998 The Native American Church, by Deward E. Walker, Jr. In “Religious Movements,” by Deward E. Walker, Jr. and Helen H. Schuster. In Handbook of North American Indians, Volume 12, Plateau. Washington: Smithsonian Institution. 1998.
*1998 Nez Perce Coyote Tales. 2nd Edition. Norman, University of Oklahoma Press.
*1997 NAGPRA in Southern Idaho: Executive Summary of Ethnographic Assessment with Recommendations. High Plains Applied Anthropologist 17(1): 33-37.
*1997 NAGPRA in Southern Idaho: an Ethnographic Assessment of BLM Shoshone-Paiute Archaeological Collections. Journal of Northwest Anthropology 38(2): 267-276.
*1997 "The Yakama System of Trade and Exchange." Northwest Anthropological Research Notes. 31(1&2): 71-94.
*1995 Transport Factors in Fish: A Review and Evaluation of HEDR Project Columbia River Pathway Modeling and Dose Calculation Procedures. Report prepared for the Technical Steering Panel of the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project, December 1995.
*1995 "A Review Essay of Post-Modernism and Anthropology by Karin Geuijen, Diederick Raven, and Jan de Wolf." With Daniel N. Mathews. Contemporary Philosophy (17)3:32-36.
*1994 Blood of the Monster: The Nez Perce Coyote Cycle. Worland, WY, High Plains Publishing Company, Inc. 244 pp. With Daniel N. Mathews.
1994 Introduction to the 1994 edition of Half-Sun on the Columbia by Robert H. Ruby and John A. Brown. Norman, University of Oklahoma Press.
*1994 "Non-Verbal Communication in the Classroom: Anglo Teachers and Native American Students." High Plains Applied Anthropologist. (14)1: 51-70. With Linda C. Gorsuch.
*1994 "Anthropologists and Native Americans." In Native America in the Twentieth Century: An Encyclopedia. New York, Garland Publishing.
*1994 "Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation." In Native America in the Twentieth Century: An Encyclopedia. New York, Garland Publishing.
*1994 "Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation." In Native America in the Twentieth Century: An Encyclopedia. New York, Garland Publishing.
*1994 "Nez Perce." In Native America in the Twentieth Century: An Encyclopedia. New York, Garland Publishing.
*1994 "Coeur d'Alene." In Native America in the Twentieth Century: An Encyclopedia. New York, Garland Publishing.
*1994 "Kutenai at Bonners Ferry." In Native America in the Twentieth Century: An Encyclopedia. New York, Garland Publishing.
*1993 "The Shoshone-Bannock: An Anthropological Reassessment." Northwest Anthropological Research Notes. Vol. 27(2).
*1993 "Lemhi Shoshone-Bannock Reliance on Anadromous and Other Fish Resources." Northwest Anthropological Research Notes 27(2).
*1992 "Productivity of Tribal Dipnet Fishermen at Celilo Falls: Analysis of the Joe Pinkham Fish Buying Records." Northwest Anthropological Research Notes. Volume 26(2):123-135.
*1992 Yakama "The Ellen Saluskin (Hapteliks Sawyalilx) Narrative of 23 September 1992: Traditional Religious Beliefs and Practices." Northwest Anthropological Research Notes. 26(2): 209-213. With Virginia R. Beavert Martin.
*1992 Yakama "The Ellen Saluskin (Hapteliks Sawyalilx) Narratives of 30 September 1992: The Yakima River People." Northwest Anthropological Research Notes. 26(2):214-216. With Virginia R. Beavert Martin.
*1992 "Epitaph for Omer C. Stewart." In High Plains Applied Anthropologist. XI and XII (1991 and 1992).
*1991 "Protection of American Indian Sacred Geography." In Handbook of American Indian Religious Freedom, pp. 100-115. Edited by Christopher Vecsey. New York, The Crossroad Publishing Company.
*1991 "The Moorhouse Collection: A Window on Umatilla History." In The First Oregonians, pp. 109-114. Portland, Oregon Council for the Humanities.
*1989 Nez Perce Oral Narratives. Berkeley, University of California Press. With Haruo Aoki, 631 pp.
*1989 Witchcraft and Sorcery of the North American Native Peoples. Preface by David Carrasco, Moscow, University of Idaho Press, 346 pp.
*1989 "Protecting American Indian Sacred Geography." Northwest Anthropological Research Notes, 22(2), pp. 253-266.
*1989 "The Nez Perce Indians." In The World Book Encyclopedia Volume 14, page 395.
*1988 "American Indian Sacred Geography." Indian Affairs (Association of American Indian Affairs, Inc.) No. 116: iv-vii.
*1988 The Chinook Indians. Introduction by Deward E. Walker, Jr., pp. xi-xiii. Norman, University of Oklahoma Press. Authored by Robert H. Ruby and John A. Brown.
*1987 "Native Americans and Cultural Impact Analysis: The Proposed Nuclear Waste Repository at Hanford." Session on Economic and Social Effects of High Level Waste Repository Development. Proceedings of the Symposium on Waste Management, Volume 2, pp. 123-124, March 1-5, 1987, Tucson, University of Arizona, College of Engineering and Mines (Board of Regents). Library of Congress #87-70501.
1987 "Nez Perce Possessory and Usage Rights and Areas." Report Submitted to the Nez Perce Nuclear Waste Program, Nez Perce Tribe. Lapwai, Idaho.
*1985 Conflict and Schism in Nez Perce Acculturation. 2nd Edition. Introduction by Robert Hackenberg. Moscow, University of Idaho Press, 171 pp.
*1983 "Dialectical Contradictions in HPRS." Published in Newsletter of the HPRS, SfAA, Publication Number 1, pp. 5-7.
1983 "A Bibliography of Ethnographic Sources on the Kootenai Indians in Northwest Montana." In Final Report of Cultural Resource Investigations Along Montana Forest Highway No. 62. Yaak, Montana, pp. 200-211. Powers Elevation, Archaeology Division, Denver.
*1982 Indians of Idaho. Reprinting. Moscow, University of Idaho Press. 207 pp.
*1982 "Legal and Political History of the Indians of Idaho." Legislative Council Committee on Indian Affairs, Minutes of Hearing Held June 18, 1982. State House, Boise, Idaho, pp. 2-9.
*1980 Myths of Idaho Indians. Moscow, University of Idaho Press. 204 pp.
*1978 Indians of Idaho. Moscow, University of Idaho Press. 207 pp.
*1978 America's Fascinating Indian Heritage. New York, The Readers Digest Association, Inc. Special Consultant.
*1977 Regions of Refuge. Editor of a translation from the Spanish for the Society for Applied Anthropology. Monograph #12. 172 pp.
*1977 Anthropological Guide for the Coulee Dam National Recreation Area. Anthropological Research Manuscript Series No. 3. Moscow, University of Idaho Press. With Sylvester H. Lahren, Jr. 78 pp.
*1974 The Way It Was--Anaku Iwacha: Yakima Indian Legends. Consortium of Johnson 0'Malley Committees of Region IV, State of Washington. Yakima, Franklin Press. Technical advisor, (collecting, translating, writing, and editing of legends with tribal scholars). With Virginia Beavert, 225 pp.
*1973 Noon Nee-Me-Poo: Nez Perce Culture and History. Lapwai, Idaho, Nez Perce Tribe. Technical advisor, (collecting, translating, writing, and editing of research with tribal scholars). With Allen P. Slickpoo, Sr. 316 pp.
*1973 Nu-Mee-Poom Tit-Wah-Tit: Nez Perce Legends. Lapwai, Idaho, Nez Perce Tribe. Technical advisor, (collecting, translating, writing, and editing legends with tribal scholars). With Allen P. Slickpoo, Sr. and Leroy Seth. 214 pp.
*1973 "American Indians of Idaho." Anthropological Monographs of the University of Idaho, No. 2. Moscow, University of Idaho Press. 290 pp.
*1972 The Emergent Native Americans: A Reader in Culture Contact. Boston, Little, Brown and Company (textbook). Editor and contributor. 818 pp.
*1971 "Systems of North American Witchcraft and Sorcery." Anthropological Monographs of the University of Idaho, No. 1. Moscow, University of Idaho Press. Editor and contributor. 295 pp.
*1971 "An Exploration of the Reservation System in North America." Northwest Anthropological Research Notes, 5(1):1-143. Editor and contributor.
*1970 "Stage and Statistical Models in Plateau Acculturation." Northwest Anthropological Research Notes, 4(2):153-164.
*1970 "Ethnology and History." Idaho Yesterdays, 4(1):24-29.
*1969 "New Light on the Prophet Dance Controversy." Ethnohistory,16(3):245-255.
*1969 "Prepared Statement to the Special Sub-Committee on Indian Education." See Kennedy Sub-Committee Report, Part 5, pp. 2001--2002. Washington, D.C., Government Printing Office.
*1968 "American Anthropological Association Symposium on American Indian Fishing and Hunting Rights." Seattle, November 1968. Proceedings published in Northwest Anthropological Research Notes, 2(2):1-43. Panel member, participant, and editor of the proceedings.
*1968 Conflict and Schism in Nez Perce Acculturation. Pullman Washington State University Press. 171 pp.
*1967 "Problems of American Indian Education." Research Studies of Washington State University, 34(4):247-252.
*1967 "Nez Perce Sorcery." Ethnology, 6(1):66-96.
*1967 "Measures of Nez Perce Outbreeding and the Analysis of Cultural Change." Southwestern Journal of Anthropology, 23(2):141-158.
*1967 "Indian Shakers on the Colville Reservation." Research studies : a quarterly publication of Washington State University, 35(2):167-172. With John L. Schultz.
*1967 "Mutual Cross-Utilization of Economic Resources in the Plateau: An Example from Aboriginal Nez Perce Fishing Practices." Washington State University, Laboratory of Anthropology, Report of Investigations, No. 41, 70 pp.
*1967 "An Examination of American Indian Reaction to Proposals of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs for General Legislation, 1967." Northwest Anthropological Research Notes, Memoir No. l. 178 pp.
*1966 "A Nez Perce Ethnographic Observation of Archaeological Significance." American Antiquity, 31(3):436-437. Brief Communication.
*1966 "Some Limitations on the Renascence Concept in Acculturation: The Nez Perce Case." In The American Indian Today, Stuart Levine and Nancy Lurie, Editors. Deland Florida, Everett/Edwards, Inc. (Reprinted as a Pelican Book in 1972).
*1966 "The Nez Perce Sweat Bath Complex: An Acculturational Analysis." Southwestern Journal of Anthropology, 22(2):133-171.
1964-1965 From Sorcery to Science: An Investigation by Dr. Brian Rose into the Social Implications of Sorcery and Witchcraft. Recorded and produced by the South African Broadcasting Corporation Overseas Transcription Service with other contributions by Aquina, Baragwanath, Gelfand, Hahlo, Jeffreys, Levinson, Madsen, Margetts, Marwick, Masinga, Mayer, Mbata, McLean, Mqotsi, Mutwa, Ntsekhe, Parrinder, Perk, Shanin, and Walker. Contributor and lecturer.
1964 A Survey of Nez Perce Religion. New York, Board of National Missions, United Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A. 99 pp.

XI. Technical Reports, Memoranda, Conference Papers, Films, and Reviews

Only a few of the book reviews completed over the past four decades dealing with American Indians, religion and folklore, ethnohistory, acculturation, social organization, and applied anthropology have been listed above in Publications. As may be seen, they have appeared in such outlets as American Anthropologist, Plains Anthropologist, Human Organization, Pacific Northwest Quarterly, American Journal of Sociology, Idaho Yesterdays, Southwestern Lore, Contemporary Philosophy, and Journal of Ethnic Studies. Following are a number of other examples of contributions including technical reports, memoranda, and papers dealing with Federal and State agency and public compliance with laws, regulations, executive orders, and treaties and agreements affecting American Indian Tribes:

2007-2008 The Yakama Nation and the Wenatshapam Fishery: A Report Prepared for Tim Weaver, Attorney at Law, and the Yakama Nation.
2006-2007 A Summary of Impacts of Rio Tinto Mining Activities on the Shoshone-Paiute Tribe of the Duck Valley Indian Reservation. For the Shoshone-Paiute Tribe of the Duck Valley Indian Reservation
2006-2007 The Confederated Salish-Kootenai Tribes of the Flathead Indian Reservation, Montana, and Fishing and Water Rights. For the Confederated Salish-Kootenai Tribes of the Flathead Indian Reservation.
2006 An Assessment of American Indian Occupation and Uses of the Cultural and Natural Resources of Grand Teton National Park and the National Elk Refuge. Prepared for the National Park Service, Grand Teton National Park, and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service; National Elk Refuge.
2006 History of Hudson's Bay Company Cemetery and Burials at Fort Vancouver, Washington, ca. 1824-1860. For the U.S. Army Reserve.
2006 Ethnographic and Related Research on the Tribal Cultural and Natural Resources of the BLM Jarbidge Planning Area. For the Jarbidge Field Office, Bureau of Land Management.
2006 Ethnographic Assessment of Cultural Resources on the Orchard Training Area (OTA), Idaho Army National Guard (IDARNG): A Summary of Research Completed for 2003-2005. For the Idaho Army National Guard.
2006 Tribal Natural Resource Damage Assessment. For the St. Regis Mohawk Tribe.
2005 Anthropological Guide to Rock Structures, Caves, and Buttes of the Gowen Field Training Area (GFTA). For the Idaho Army National Guard (IDARNG).
2005 Preliminary Report on Cama Beach and its Significance to the Tulalip Tribes. For the Tulalip Tribes.
2005 The Klamath Treaty of 1864 and the Klamath Indian Fisheries and Water Resources. For the Klamath Tribe.
2005 A Summation and Commentary Concerning the Treaties of American Indian Tribes Who Traditionally Utilized the Grand Teton National Park and National Elk Refuge Areas. For the Department of the Interior.
2005 Bison, Elk, and Other Animals of Cultural Significance to the Indian Tribes Who Utilized the Grand Teton National Park and National Elk Refuge Area. For the National Park Service, Grand Teton National Park, and the National Elk Refuge.
2005 An Ethnographic Assessment of American Indian Occupation and Uses of the Cultural and Natural Resources of Grand Teton National Park and the National Elk Refuge. Draft report. Prepared for the National Park Service, Grand Teton National Park, and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service; National Elk Refuge.
2005 Shoshone-Paiute-Bannock Cultural Affiliation with and Reliance On the Natural and Cultural Resources of the Weiser Subbasin Containing the Brownlee/Paddock Transmission Line Easement. For the Bureau of Land Management.
2004 Anthropological Guide to the Cultural Sites and Resources of the Gowen Field Training Area (GFTA). Volume II. For the Idaho Army National Guard (IDARNG).
2004 Literature Review of the Significance of Fishing to the Klamath Indian Tribe, Oregon and California. For NARF.
2004 Ethnographic Assessment of Juniper Butte Archaeological Sites 10 OE 5873, 10 OE 5884, 10 OE 7112/7113, 10 OE 7114, 10 OE 7115, 10 OE 7116, 10 OE 7123, 10 OE 7128, 10 OE 7129, and 10 OE 7132. For the United States Air Force, Air Combat Command, Mountain Home Air Force Base, Idaho.
2004 Tribal Affiliation and Uses of Cultural Resources in the Boise River Drainage Focusing on the Arrowrock Dam. For the Shoshone, Paiute, and Bannock Tribes of the Duck Valley Indian Reservation, Idaho and Nevada.
2004 Shoshone-Paiute-Bannock Cultural/Natural Resources of the Middle Fork of the Boise River, Focusing on the Atlanta Gold Project Area: A Literature Review. For the Shoshone, Paiute, and Bannock Tribes of the Duck Valley Indian Reservation, Idaho and Nevada.
2004 Reviewer, Contributor and Consultant on “Report on the Inadequacy of the Information and Data on which to draw a Final Boundary for the Badger-Two Medicine Traditional Cultural District and the need for Additional Research” for the Blackfeet Tribe, Blackfeet Indian Reservation, Montana.
2004 Review of “American Indians: Some Fact and Fictions” by Lathel F. Duffield for the Law Offices of Sabel and Sabel.
2003 Anthropological Guide to the Cultural Sites and Resources of the Gowen Field Training Area (GFTA). For the Idaho Army National Guard (IDARNG).
2003 Preliminary Ethnographic Assessment of the Gowen Field Training Area (GFTA) for the Idaho Army National Guard (IDARNG). Final report.
2003 Shoshone-Paiute-Bannock of the Duck Valley Indian Reservation and the Gowen Field Training Area (GFTA) of the Idaho Army National Guard (IDARNG). Draft report.
2003 Washoe Tribal Uses of Natural Resources in the Vicinity of and Downstream of the Leviathan Mine. Final Report.
2002 Population Projections for the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes of the Flathead Indian Reservation. Final Report.
2002 Ethnographic Assessment of the BA Emitter Site, Winter Camp Butte. Final Report.
2002 Ethnographic Views and Uses of Their Environment and its Natural Resources in Relation to the Rio Tinto Project. DRAFT of September 2002. Draft Report.
2002 A Preliminary Assessment of Shoshone-Paiute Views and Uses of Their Environment and its Natural Resources. Draft Report. Shoshone-Paiute Tribes of the Duck Valley Indian Reservation.
2001 Advisor for Hand Game, an ethnographic film concerning traditional Tribal gambling by Lawrence Johnson, Portland, OR: Lawrence Johnson Productions, Inc.
2001 Who Owns the Past? Broadcast Premiere on PBS. Saul Zaentz Film Complex.
2001 Invited Address for the High Desert Museum, July 28 and 29, “Overview of Tribes of the Columbia Plateau – Past and Present.”
2001 The People’s Summit on Globalization and Concurrent Events. March 8-11. Paper presented on ‘Effects of Global Development on Land-Based Communities: Resource Development or Exploitation?’
2001 Program/presentation prepared for The Community Source, a program of the Student Achievement Resource Center (SARC).
2001 “A Critical Examination of the Department of the Interior’s Decision to Repatriate the Kennewick Human Remains” for Yakama, Nez Perce, Umatilla, and Colville Tribes.
2001 “Prehistory and Oral Tradition in the Great Basin: The Spirit Cave Repatriation.”
2001 “A Critical Evaluation of the Bureau of Land Management’s Evidence for ‘Determination of Cultural Affiliation of Ancient Human Remains from Spirit Cave, Nevada,’ by Barker, Ellis, and Damadio (July 26, 2000).
2001 “Integrated Cultural Resources Management Plan 2001-2006.” For the Idaho Army National Guard in conjunction with the Shoshone-Paiute Tribes of the Duck Valley Indian Reservation.
2001 “A Cultural Assessment of Riparian Habitats on the Cheyenne River Sioux Indian Reservation” for the Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe.
2001 “Annotated Index of Ethnographic Research Completed for the Air Combat Command (DOD), Mountain Home AFB, and the Shoshone-Paiute Tribes of the Duck Valley Indian Reservation, Idaho/Nevada” for ACC and Shoshone-Paiute Tribes of the Duck Valley Indian Reservation.
2001 “Chief Tendoy Cemetery.” Cultural Resource Management Plan 1998-2001 Progress Report. U.S. Dept. of the Interior. BLM, Salmon, ID, for Bureau of Land Management.
2001 Preliminary Ethnographic Assessment of the Emitter Site BA, Temporary Site Number F-002-528. Prepared for DOD-ACC and the Shoshone-Paiute Tribes of the Duck Valley Indian Reservation.
2001 Invited Commentary on Plenary Presentation by Andrew Gulliford on American Indian Sacred Geography. Presented at 2001 Annual Meeting of the High Plains Society for Applied Anthropology.
2000 NAGPRA in Southern Idaho: An Ethnographic Assessment of BLM Shoshone-Paiute Archaeological Collections. An Executive Summary of Ethnographic Research Conducted during 1998-1999. Shoshone-Paiute Tribes of the Duck Valley Indian Reservation.
1999 Estimated Radiation Doses to Yakama Indian Tribal Fishermen. A Test Application of the Columbia River Dosimetry Model Developed for the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project.
1999 "Alpine Environments in the Columbia Plateau of the Rocky Mountain Region," presented at the 4th Rocky Mountain Anthropology Conference.
1998-1999 Nez Perce. Allotment and Opening of the Nez Perce Reservation in 1885. Report prepared for Nez Perce Tribe.
1998 Affidavit Concerning Native American Uses of Tobacco. Prepared for David Guy Brown, et al., Petitioners, v. Arvon Arave, et al., Respondent.
1998 Rosebud Sioux Tribe. Overall Economic Development Plan. (REDCO) Submitted to the Rosebud Sioux Tribe.
1998 Socioeconomic Characterization of the Cheyenne River Sioux Reservation. Draft report.
1998 Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe. Cultural Assessment of CRST Uses of Riparian Habitats and Resources. Feasibility Determination Report, June 15, 1998.
1998 Shoshone-Paiute. Ethnobotanical and Ethnozoological Study in Southwestern Idaho. Prepared for SAIC, DOD-ACC and the Shoshone-Paiute Tribes of the Duck Valley Indian Reservation.
1998 Shoshone-Paiute. Socioeconomic Model for the Shoshone-Paiute Tribes of the Duck Valley Indian Reservation. Prepared for SAIC and the Shoshone-Paiute Tribes of the Duck Valley Indian Reservation.
1998 Rosebud Sioux Tribe. Grant Application for the Rural Housing and Economic Development Program Fiscal Year 1999. Submitted to the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development by the Rosebud Sioux Tribe of South Dakota.
1997-1998 Rosebud Sioux Tribe. Response to Proposal for Ranch Management and Profitability Planning. Submitted to the Rosebud Sioux Tribe in response to their Request for Proposal for Ranch Management and Profitability Planning by the Rosebud Sioux Tribe.
1997 Rosebud Sioux Tribe. Memorandum on the U.S. Census Undercount for Rosebud Indian Reservation. Presented to the Rosebud Sioux Tribal Council.
1997 Rosebud Sioux Tribe. Rosebud Indian Reservation: 1997 Comprehensive Plan. Response to Request for Proposal from the Rosebud Sioux Tribe.
1997 Shoshone-Paiute. Revised Commentary on the Draft EIS for the ETI Proposal. Prepared for SAIC, DOD-ACC, and the Shoshone-Paiute Tribes of the Duck Valley Indian Reservation.
1997 Shoshone-Paiute. An Ethnographic Study of Selected Traditional Cultural Properties of the Shoshone-Paiute Tribes of the Duck Valley Indian Reservation. Prepared for SAIC, DOD-ACC, and the Shoshone-Paiute Tribes of the Duck Valley Indian Reservation.
1997 Confederated Tribes of the Warm Springs Reservation of Oregon. Technical Proposal. Technical Support in Relicensing of Pelton-Round Butte Hydroelectric Project. Submitted to Bureau of Indian Affairs, Portland Area Office. In association with Natural Resources Consulting Engineers, Inc., Dornbusch & Co., Louis Berger & Associates, and ASCG Inc.
1996 Rosebud Sioux Tribe. Assessment of Housing Needs and Socioeconomic Conditions on the Rosebud Reservation. Presented to the Rosebud Sioux Tribe, Rosebud Housing Authority and the Economic Development Committee.
1996 Shoshone-Paiute. Five Traditional Cultural Properties. Prepared for SAIC, DOD-ACC, and the Shoshone-Paiute Tribes of the Duck Valley Indian Reservation.
1996 Shoshone-Paiute. Final Ethnographic Report: Duck Valley 1995. Prepared for SAIC, DOD-ACC, and the Shoshone-Paiute Tribes of the Duck Valley Indian Reservation.
1995-1997 Nez Perce. Study of the Nez Perce Snake River Basin Fishery. Prepared for the Nez Perce Tribe.
1995 Shoshone-Paiute. “Preliminary Report on Southern Idaho Prehistory.” Volume 1 of 3. Prepared for SAIC, DOD-ACC, and the Shoshone-Paiute Tribes of the Duck Valley Indian Reservation.
1995 Shoshone-Paiute. “Preliminary Report on Southern Idaho Prehistory.” Volume 2 of 3. Prepared for SAIC, DOD-ACC, and the Shoshone-Paiute Tribes of the Duck Valley Indian Reservation.
1995 Shoshone-Paiute. “Preliminary Report on Southern Idaho Ethnography and History.” Volume 3 of 3, Parts A and B. Prepared for SAIC, DOD-ACC, and the Shoshone-Paiute Tribes of Duck Valley Indian Reservation.
1995 Shoshone-Paiute. Research Methods Draft Report Prepared for SAIC, DOD-ACC, and the Shoshone-Paiute Tribes of the Duck Valley Indian Reservation.
1995 Insignia Films, Inc. The West Film Project. New York, New York. Consultant
1995 Sabel & Sabel, P.C. Consultation on American Indian Religious Freedom and Practices Among Prisoners in Alabama. Montgomery, Alabama.
1995 Who Owns the Past? Independent Producers Services, Saul Zaentz Film Center. Consultant and Participant.
1995 The High Desert Museum. Native American Cultures of the Plateau. Consultant and Lecturer.
1995 "The Cedar Field Traditional Cultural Property: Ethnographic Assessment of Cultural Significance with Recommendations for Protective Measures." Bureau of Land Management, Burley, Idaho.
1995 "Myra Washines." Report submitted to the Yakama Nation General Council Concerning the History of the Cascade Indians, Toppenish, Washington.
1995 "Perspectives on Medicine Wheels, the Winter Solstice, and the Draft Environmental Impact Statement." Paper presented at U.S. Department of Commerce Building, Boulder, Colorado.
1995 Student Panel on Applied Anthropology. Annual Conference of the High Plains Society for Applied Anthropology. Estes Park, Colorado. Organizer and Participant.
1995 "NAGPRA in Southern Idaho." Annual meeting, Society for Applied Anthropology. Albuquerque, New Mexico. With Daniel N. Mathews.
1995 "Multicultural Literacy and the Public Schools." February 6, 1995 School District #60. Pueblo, Colorado.
1995 "First People in the Forest: Native American Adaptations Today and in the Past." Flathead National Forest. Hungry Horse, Montana.
1995 "Symposium: Fishing for the Past: Traps, Weirs, and Other Submerged Sites." Hidden Dimensions, the Cultural Significance of Wetlands Archaeology, April 27-30, 1995. University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada. Discussant.
1995 Salish and Sahaptian Tribes of the Columbia Plateau. "Transport Factors in Fish: Recommendations for Further Research (Columbia River System)." Paper presented at September meeting of the Technical Steering Panel, HEDR Project. Richland, Washington.
1995 Salish and Sahaptian Tribes of the Columbia Plateau. "Transport Factors in Fish: Final Report and Recommendations (Columbia River System)." Paper presented at December meeting of the Technical Steering Panel, HEDR Project. Richland, Washington. (Continuation of September 1995 report referenced above.)
1994-2000 NAGPRA in Southern Idaho: An Ethnographic Assessment: Summary of Research, Findings, and Recommendations. Prepared for the Bureau of Land Management, Idaho State Office. (See also NAGPRA Video.)
1994 Two Background papers prepared for the Bureau of Land Management dealing with American Indian consultation and uses of ethnography in the administration of public lands.
1994 "Geological and Natural History of the Columbia Basin: A Brief Overview." Invited paper presented in Yakima, Washington to the President’s Council on Sustainable Development: Western Regional Team on Natural Resources Management and Protection.
1994 "The Yakama System of Trade and Exchange." Prepared in support of Yakama Indian Nation, Case #CY-89-458-AAM and #CY-92-3100-AAM. Unpublished manuscript.
1994 "Education and Anthropology Reader." Prepared as part of a Summer Institute on Anthropology and Education presented at the University of Southern Colorado, Pueblo, Colorado.
1993-1994 "Sacred Sites Protection Strategies." Department of Defense Legacy Grant #1308 to University of Colorado. With Vine Deloria, Jr.
1993-1994 "An Ethnohistoric and Ethnographic Assessment of American Indian Cultural Affiliations with the F.E. Warren Air Force Base." Department of Defense Legacy Resource Management Program.
1993-1994 "Tribal Off-Reservation Treaty-Reserved Rights in the Northwest." Memorandum provided to Bureau of Land Management, Idaho State Office. Boise, Idaho.
1993 "Sacred Objects and the Repatriation Law - NAGPRA." Presented to the Shoshone-Paiute Tribes of the Duck Valley Indian Reservation. Owyhee, Nevada.
1993 "Hydroelectric Developments and Salmon Survival on the Columbia River." Paper Presented at the Regional Meeting of the American Society of Civil Engineers. Kennewick, Washington.
1993 "Social and Economic Implications of a Free Technology." Paper Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Institute for Advanced Philosophic Research. Estes Park, Colorado.
1993 "What is Sacred About Sacred Geography." Invited Paper (Abstract #00001877) Delivered as Part of the American Anthropological Association Annual Meeting Symposium "Knowing the Earth: Native American Sacred Landscapes." Washington, D.C.
1993 Hispanic. "Project 2001: Key Findings." Invited Paper Presented to the September Monthly Luncheon Meeting of The Latino Chamber of Commerce. Pueblo, Colorado.
1993 "Opportunities at the University of Colorado." Paper Presented to Hispanic Students at the University of Southern Colorado. Pueblo, Colorado.
1993 Hispanic. "Multiculturalism and the Changing University." Invited Paper Presented to the Faculty of the University of Southern Colorado during Convocation Week. Pueblo, Colorado.
1993 Four technical reports presented to the Native American Working Group and the Technical Steering Panel of the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project concerning "The Columbia River," "Native American Reliance on Columbia River Fish Resources," and "Research Design and Implementation of Research on Radiation Dose Calculations for Native Americans in the Hanford Study Area."
1993 Four Lectures and Seminars on "Hispanic Cultures of the Southwest," "Hopi and Navajo," "Sacred Geography," and "Bless Me Ultima" in classes at the University of Colorado.
1993 "The Castle Rock (Eagle Rock) Subdivision, the Shoshone-Bannock/Shoshone-Paiute, and the Sprague-Tracy Archaeological Report." Paper Presented to the Idaho State Historic Preservation Officer. Boise, Idaho.
1993 "NAGPRA: Commentary on Rule Making." Submitted to the National Park Service on Behalf of the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes. Pablo, Montana.
1993 "The Arkansas Mountain Ceremonial Complex." Report submitted to the Boulder County Commissioners and the Colorado State Historic Preservation Officer. Boulder and Denver, Colorado.
1992-1994 "The Darby Medicine Tree." Nomination prepared for the National Register of Historic Places for Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes of the Flathead Reservation.
1992 The Shoshone-Bannock of Fort Hall. Chapter 1. Prepared for the Shoshone-Bannock Tribe of Fort Hall, Idaho.
1992 The Shoshone-Bannock of Fort Hall. Chapter 2: The Fort Bridger Shoshone-Bannock Treaty of 1868. Prepared for the Shoshone-Bannock Tribe of Fort Hall, Idaho.
1992 The Shoshone-Bannock of Fort Hall. Chapter 3: Shoshone-Bannock Uses of the Salmon River Region. Prepared for the Shoshone-Bannock Tribe of Fort Hall, Idaho.
1992 The Shoshone-Bannock of Fort Hall. Chapter 4: Shoshone-Bannock Reliance on Fish Resources. Prepared for the Shoshone-Bannock Tribe of Fort Hall, Idaho.
1992 "Goals Statement." Paper prepared for the Project 2001 Comprehensive Development Plan Concerning the Hispanic Community of Pueblo, Colorado. Pueblo, Colorado.
1992 "Developing Academic Programs in Applied Anthropology." Paper presented at the annual meeting of the High Plains Society for Applied Anthropology. Organizer and participant. Broomfield, Colorado.
1992 "A Partial Listing of Tribal Usual and Accustomed Fishing Sites on the Columbia River between Priest Rapids and Bonneville." Presented to the Technical Steering Panel of the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project. Richland, Colorado.
1992 "Santos and Santeros." Paper presented to a seminar on Southwestern Santos chaired by Professor Claire Farago. Boulder, Colorado.
1992 "Celilo Falls." Invited paper presented as part of a conference on Mid--Columbia Indians and Their Land at Longview, Washington. Sponsored by the Center for Columbia River History, a branch of the Washington State Historical Society. Longview, Washington.
1992 "Final Report on Historical Documents Research Concerning Native American Uses of the Columbia River." Presented to the Technical Steering Panel of the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project. Richland, Washington.
1992 "Usual and Accustomed Hunting, Fishing, and Gathering Areas in the Columbia Basin and the Northern Great Basin." Presented to the Idaho State Bureau of Land Management, Salmon and Boise Districts. Boise, Idaho.
1992 "Legislative Agenda for the High Plains Society for Applied Anthropology." Presented at the annual retreat at Ghost Ranch, Abiquiu, New Mexico.
1991-1995 Racial and Socioeconomic Analysis of the Flagstaff School District and the Leupp Schools. A series of reports documenting differential achievement of Indian and other minority students compared with non-minority students.
1991 "Project 2001: A Hispanic Blueprint for the 21st Century." Paper and reports presented to the Latino Chamber of Commerce, University of Southern Colorado, and Horizons Education Foundation.
1991 "The Changing Emphasis of Anthropology." Invited paper given to the University of Colorado Anthropology Club in Boulder, Colorado on November 30, 1991.
1991 "Changing Interpretation of Usual and Accustomed Hunting, Fishing, and Gathering Areas in the Columbia Basin." Invited Paper given in Eureka, California on October 24, 1991 at the Pacific Region Conference of the Native American Fish and Wildlife Society.
1991 "The National Museum of the American Indian." Invited paper given at the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C. on March 28, 1991.
1991 "The Native American Church in Idaho." Papers presented on two different occasions to the Idaho State Legislature in Boise, Idaho (February 18 and March 14, 1991).
1991 "Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project." Papers and reports presented to the Technical Steering Panel and Battelle (Pacific Northwest Laboratories, Richland, Washington), Concerning tribal research into radioactive contamination released by the Department of Energy. Richland, Washington.
1990 Five papers on American Indian curriculum development, American Indians and their imprisonment, the challenge of American Indians to Anthropology, and American Indian repatriation and reburial issues.
1989 "Hopi and Navajo: Cultures in Conflict," Native American Awareness Week, March 20, 1989, University of Colorado, Boulder.
1989 "Tribal Economic Development: Options and Impacts," Indian Economic Development Conference, Indian Law Support Center, Native American Rights Fund, June 10, 1989, Boulder.
1989 "Native American Sacred Geography," TRIBES Program (Summer Institute for Native American College Students sponsored by the University of Colorado and CERT), July 1989, Boulder.
1989 "An Assessment of Data Sources on the Umatilla Indian Reservation (CTUIR)," Presented to the July 1989 Meeting of the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project, Richland.
1989 "Edward Curtis and His Representations of American Indians," Vanishing Beauty and Vanishing Truth, The North American Indian Photographs of Edward S. Curtis, University of Colorado, Norlin Library, Invited Address, October 26, 1989.
1988 "Report on IRS Classification of Lands Acquired in the Waha Area." Prepared for the Nez Perce Tribe.
1988 "American Indian Religious Freedom and the Need for a Protective Standard of Integrity." Invited address for the Newberry Library Conference on American Indian Religious Freedom, Chicago.
1988 "Plan for an Ethnohistoric Study of the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation." Umatilla Conference on Tribal History, Mission, Oregon.
1988 "Amending the American Indian Religious Freedom Act." Testimony given to the U.S. Senate Select Committee on Indian Affairs in May 1988, Washington, D.C.
1988 "American Indian Cultural Rights." Invited testimony given to the National Congress of American Indians on various proposed laws and amendments in December 1988, Washington, D.C.
1988 "Research on Indian Education in Idaho and the Northwest." Paper submitted to Representative Jeanne Givens of the Idaho State Legislature. Boise, Idaho.
1987 "Nez Perce Possessory and Usage Rights and Areas." Conference (Council) of the Walla Walla Treaty Tribes on Treaties, Walla Walla, Washington.
1987 "An Assessment of Sources of Socioeconomic and Cultural Data on the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation." BWIP Conference, Mission, Oregon.
1987 "Idaho Indian Peoples." Presented to the Shoshone-Bannock Tribes Concerning the History of Idaho's Indian Peoples. Prepared as part of the Idaho Centennial. Fort Hall, Idaho.
1987 "Inventory of Hanford Archaeological Information Released by Department of Energy and Related Information from the Washington SHP0." BWIP Conference, Lapwai, Idaho.
1987 "Origins and Functions of Sacred Geography in American Indian Cultures of the Northern Rockies." Invited Keynote Address presented to the Harvard Workshop on Sacred Geography, May 5-6, 1987, Cambridge, Massachusetts.
1987 "Treaty Rights and Tribal Nuclear Waste Policy Act Programs." Symposium on Nuclear Waste and the Practice of Anthropology. Annual Meeting of the American Anthropological Association, Chicago.
1986 Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation and Nez Perce Sociocultural Impact Assessment Plans. Conference on BWIP and Affected Tribes, Mission, Oregon.
1986 "Archaeology and Religious Freedom on the Hanford Reservation--Department of Energy." Conference (Council) of the Walla Walla Treaty Tribes Concerning Hanford and DOE, Seattle.
1986 "Equestrian Transhumance in the Northern Rockies." Northwestern Anthropological Conference, Moscow, Idaho.
1983 "The Impact of Cultural Resource Management on Native Americans." HPSfAA, Boulder. (An updated version of this paper was delivered to the Colorado Archaeological Society during November 1988, Boulder, Colorado.)
1983 Kootenai Uses and Views of Kootenay Falls. Prepared for the Kootenai Tribe and the Native American Rights Fund.
1982 "Legal and Political History of the Nez Perce Tribe." Invited Keynote Address for the Nez Perce Tribe of Idaho, Kamiah, Idaho.
1981-1983 Assiniboine-Sioux Reliance on the Riverine Resources of the Missouri River. A study of the functions of riverine resources in the traditional and modern subsistence practices of the Assiniboine and Lakota of the Fort Peck Reservation of Northern Montana.
1981 "The Crisis in Colorado Higher Education." Commentary on a Symposium, HPSfAA, Boulder.
1980-1983 "Native American Art." Visions of the Earth Art Show. Invited Address for the Native American Rights Fund. Boulder.
1975-1980 A series of papers on "Uses of Anthropology and Anthropologists in Developing and Prosecuting Claims by Native Americans." Boulder and Denver, Colorado, Albuquerque, New Mexico, and Washington, D.C.
1971-1975 A series of papers read on "Developing an American Indian NEH Program and Other Grants to Tribes for Historical and Cultural Research." Santa Fe, Lapwai, Idaho, Toppenish, Washington, and Washington, D.C.
1970 "The Ethics of Involvement: A Commentary." Annual Meeting of the Society for Applied Anthropology, Boulder.
1970 "The Growing Ethics Controversy in Contemporary Anthropology." Invited Keynote Address at the 23rd Northwestern Anthropological Conference, Corvallis.
1970 "Political and Economic Effects of Columbia River Dams on Indians of the Northwest." 69th Annual Meeting of the American Anthropological Association, San Diego.
1970 Conflicting Reference Groups in Contemporary Anthropology." 69th Annual Meeting of the American Anthropological Association, San Diego.
1969 "A State Department of Indian Affairs: A Growing Need in Idaho." Invited address presented before the 6th Annual Idaho Indian Conference. Boise.
1968 "History and Anthropology in American Indian Studies." 5th Annual Meeting of the Idaho Historical Society, Boise.
1968 "Theory and Method in the Study of Acculturation on American Indian Reservations." 67th Annual Meeting of the American Anthropological Association, Seattle. Symposium Organizer and Chair.
1967 "Acculturative Stages in the Plateau Culture Area." 66th Annual Meeting of the Idaho Historical Society. Boise.
1967 "A Functional Model for the Cross-Cultural Analysis of Sorcery." 65th Annual Meeting of the American Anthropological Association, Pittsburgh. Symposium Organizer and Chair.
1966 "The Nez Perce Prophetic Tradition." 64th Annual Meeting of the American Anthropological Association. Denver.
1966 "Nez Perce Sorcery." 19th Annual Northwestern Anthropological Conference. Banff, Canada.
1965 "Deprivation and the Genesis of American Indian Pentecostal Sects." Conference on Sectarian Movements, Ghost Ranch, Abiquiu, New Mexico.
1964 "Recommendations Concerning Problems of Nez Perce Presbyterianism." Spring Meeting of the Presbytery of Northern Idaho, Lewiston.
1961 "The Accelerative Nature of African Systems of Migratory Labor." 14th Annual Northwestern Anthropological Conference. Eugene.

XII. Expert Witness

2005 United States of America v. Harry James Smiskin and Kato Smiskin. No. CR-04-2107-EFS, CR-02-2108-EFS. (Expert Witness)
2004 Linda Decorah, Petitioner, v. Stanley J. Decorah, Respondent. Circuit Court of Sauk County, Wisconsin. Case No. 03-FA-228. (Expert Witness)
2002 Adjudication of Klamath Tribal water rights in the Klamath River Basin, Native American Rights Fund. (Expert Witness)
2001 Ocentro Espirita Beneficiente Unaio do Vegetal, et al., Plaintiffs v. John Ashcroft, et al., Defendants. U.S. District Court, District of New Mexico Case No. CV-00-1647 JP/RLP (Expert Witness)
2000 Kip R. Ramsey, d/b/a Tiin-Ma Logging Co., et al, Plaintiff v. United States of America, Defendant. U.S. District Court Case No. CY-99-3070-WFN. (Expert Witness).
1999 United States of America, Plaintiff, v. Christopher Webb, Defendant. U.S. District Court, District of Idaho Case No. CR98-80-N-EJL (Expert Witness).
1998 David Guy Brown, et al., Petitioners, v. Arvon Arave, et al., Respondents. U.S. District Court of the Fourth Case No. HC 2490. (Expert Witness).
1998 United States v. Scott et al., U.S. District Court, District of Idaho Case No. CR98-01-N-EJL (Expert Witness).
1996-1998 Byron Yazzie, et al, Plaintiff v. Governing Board of the Flagstaff Unified School District, et al, Defendant U.S. District Court, District of Arizona Case No. CIV94-238-PCT-SMM. Navajo. (Expert Witness).
1995-1997 Jimmy Sinajini (Hulleah Tsinhnahjinnie), et al, Plaintiff v. San Juan School District, et al, Defendant U.S. District Court, District of Utah, Central Division Case No. 74-C-346A; Case No.274-CV-346-W. Navajo. (Expert Witness).
1995 James Morning Raven Limbaugh et al., Plaintiff, v. Leslie Thompson et al., Defendant. U.S. District Court, Middle District of Alabama, Northern Division Case No. 93-D-1404-N. (Expert Witness).
1994-1997 Cree v. Waterbury, and Wheeler Logging v. Bruett. U.S. District Court, Investigation of the Yakama system of trade and exchange, the Yakama Treaty of 1855, and the right reserved by Treaty of the Yakama to use public roads. Case No. CY-89-458-AAM, No. CY-92-3100-AAM. (Expert Witness).
1993-1996 Nez Perce Tribe v. Washington Water Power. Investigation of the damages to the Nez Perce Tribe by hydroelectric construction. CIV No. 91-0518-S-HLR. (Expert Witness).
1993-1994 Nez Perce v. Idaho Power Company. Investigation of the damages to the Nez Perce Tribe by hydroelectric development on the Snake River in Hells Canyon. CIV No. 91-0517-S-EJL. (Expert Witness).
1993-1994 Spotted Calf / Turkey. Grand Jury Investigation of Anti-Indian Violence. Rosebud Sioux Reservation. (Expert Witness).
1992-1994 State of Idaho v. Bruce Baldwin, Rulon March, and Stanley Baldwin. Investigation of Shoshone-Bannock fishing in the Rapid River Region of Idaho. Case Nos. CR3171, CR3172, and CR3173. (Expert Witness).
1991 Colville v. Nez Perce, CIV No. 68-513-MA, United States of America, et al, Plaintiffs v. State of Oregon, et al, and Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation. Conducted research on behalf of the Nez Perce Tribe concerning the Nez Perce treaties of 1855 and 1863 and the possible rights of the Colville Confederated Tribes reserved by the Nez Perce Treaty of 1855. This research focused especially on the Wallowa Band of Nez Perce. Prepared statements of facts and maps accepted by the court, reviewed exhibits, responded to interrogatories, and analyzed various briefs and depositions. (Expert Witness).
1991 Colville v. Yakima CIV No. 68-513-MA, United States of America, et al, Plaintiffs v. State of Oregon, et al, and Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation. Conducted research on behalf of the Yakima Indian Nation concerning the Yakima Treaty of 1855 and the possible rights of the Colville Confederated Tribes reserved by the Yakima Treaty. Prepared a statement of facts, reviewed exhibits, responded to interrogatories, analyzed various briefs and depositions, and helped prepare expert witnesses.
1990-1997 Idaho, et al., Petitioners, v. Coeur d'Alene Tribe of Idaho, etc., et al. No. 94-1474. Supreme Court of the United States. Conducted research on behalf of the Coeur d'Alene Tribe concerning tribal ownership of Lake Coeur d'Alene and its various tributaries.
1989-1991 State of Montana v. Brown, DC-90-l00B, 11th Judicial District, Kalispel, Montana. Conducted research and prepared testimony concerning traditional moose hunting of the Kootenai in the Lake Mary Ronan region of Montana. (Expert Witness).
1988-1989 Hudson v. Ahart, CV No. 87-M-1589 U.S. District Court for the District of Colorado. Submitted affidavits in a successful effort to gain admission of traditional religious practices into the Colorado State Prison for American Indian Inmates. (Expert Witness).
1987 Roybal v. Deland et al., U.S. District Court for the District of Utah, Central Division. CV No. C-87-0208-A. Conducted research on American Indian religion in order to support the religious freedom of American Indian inmates of the Utah State Prison. This case was decided in favor of the American Indian inmates in 1989. (Expert Witness).
1987 Herbert N. Sample v. Joseph Campoy, CV No. S-85-O208-LKK U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of California. Conducted research on the religions and cultures of American Indians of California and the Plains in support of the religious freedom of American Indian inmates of Folsom State Prison. (Expert Witness).
1987 Appendix A: Walker, Deward E. Jr., "Protection of American Indian Sacred Geography: Toward a Functional Understanding of Indian Religion Focusing on a Protective Standard of Integrity." Submitted as part of a Brief of Amici Curiae-National Congress of American Indians, Association on American Indian Affairs, the Karuk Tribe of California ... in support of Respondents, No. 86-1013, Richard E. Lyng, Secretary of Agriculture, et al., Petitioners, v. Northwest Indian Cemetery Protective Association, et al., Respondents, on Writ of Certiorari to the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, in the Supreme Court of the United States, October Term, 1987.
1986 Brown v. Arave, CV No. 85-1722. Expert witness for American Indian inmates of the Idaho State Prison in support of their successful effort to gain admission into the prison for traditional religious rituals. (Expert Witness).
1985 Herbert N. Sample v. Borg, CV No. S-85-0208-LKK. In the United States District Court for the Eastern District of California. Submitted a declaration to the court concerning the use and meaning of the sweat bath as part of a successful effort by California Indian Legal Services to introduce the sweat bath into Folsom Prison for American Indian inmates and Sample. (Expert Witness).
1984 People of the State of Idaho v. Yazzie. Submitted affidavits to the court concerning the possession and religious significance of eagle feathers used in the Native American Church (Peyote) on the Fort Hall Reservation on behalf of Yazzie.
1984 U.S. District Court for the District of Montana, Great Falls Division United States of America for the Assiniboine and Sioux Tribes of the Fort Peck Reservation, Montana, Plaintiff and Counter-defendant v. Floyd Holen, et al, Defendants and Cross-defendants and State of Montana Defendant, Counter-defendant, and Cross-defendant, Assiniboine and Sioux Tribes of the Fort Peck Indian Reservation Intervenors Case No. CV-82-25-GF. (Expert Witness).
1983 People of the State of Colorado v. Merle Locke. Criminal Action No. 82 CR 537-6. Conducted research and offered testimony on behalf of Locke concerning Lakota and other Plains Tribal customs concerning theft, religion, warfare, and intertribal relations. (Expert Witness).
1980-1983 In Re the Application of Northern Lights, Inc., Project No. 2752 Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, Department of Energy. Conducted research and offered testimony on behalf of the Kutenai Tribes of Montana, Idaho, and British Columbia, relating to the cultural and religious values they attribute to the Kootenay Falls area. (Expert Witness).
1979 Bear Ribs v. Taylor, CV 77-3989-RJK(G). Conducted research and was deposed on behalf of Bear Ribs concerning Lakota and other American Indian religious beliefs and practices. (Expert Witness).
1979 The State of Nebraska v. Leon P. Janis also known as Chuck. 12th Judicial District Court, Sheridan County, Nebraska, C1606. Conducted research and offered testimony on behalf of Janis concerning establishment of the Pine Ridge Reservation, reservation border towns, tribal political organization, and racial discrimination with William Kuntsler. (Expert Witness).
1978 Little Raven v. Norman Hess, CV 77-165-C. Conducted research and was deposed on behalf of Little Raven concerning the significance of various ritual objects in Arapaho and other American Indian religions. (Expert Witness).
1975 Crowe v. Erickson, CV 72-401. Conducted research and offered testimony on behalf of Crowe on Lakota and other American Indian religious beliefs and practices concerning hair style and other personal adornment. (Expert Witness).
1973 The State of Idaho v. Dianne C. (David) Coffee. In the District Court of the First Judicial District of the State of Idaho, in and for the County of Boundary, Magistrate Division, CV M-2941. Conducted research and offered testimony on behalf of Coffee concerning Kutenai traditional and contemporary hunting, fishing, and gathering practices in Northern Idaho and adjacent areas. (Expert Witness).
1971-1974 The Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation, in its own behalf and as the representative of its constituent tribal groups, and acting through the chairman of the business council v. The Yakima Tribes of Indians of the Yakima Reservation, in its own behalf and as the representative of its constituent tribal groups, and acting through the chairman of its tribal council No. 261-70 United States Court of Claims April 24, 1974. (Expert Witness).
1971 The United States v. Marcus L. Arthur. In the U.S. District Court of Idaho, Coeur d'Alene, Idaho, CR3-71-11. Conducted research and offered testimony on behalf of Marcus Arthur concerning traditional Nez Perce law governing homicide. (Expert Witness).
1967 The State of Oregon v. Jesse Greene. In the Circuit Court of the State of Oregon, in and for the County of Sherman, Case No. 3350. Conducted research and offered testimony on behalf of Jesse Greene and the Nez Perce tribe concerning Nez Perce traditional fishing, acculturation, and contemporary fishing on the mid-Columbia River (Preachers Eddy). (Expert Witness).

XIII. Research Projects

1. Ethnographic Research Projects
  2006-present Tribal Cultural and Natural Resources of the Jarbidge Planning Area, BLM.
  2006-present Fishing and Water Rights. For the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes of the Flathead Indian Reservation. (CSKT).
  2006-present Cama Beach and Its Significance to the Tulalip Tribes.
  2006-present Natural Resource Damage Assessment for the St. Regis Mohawk Tribe.
  2006 Impacts of Rio Tinto Mining Activities on the Shoshone-Paiute Tribe of the Duck Valley Indian Reservation.
  2006 Hudson's Bay Company Cemetery and Indian Burials, ca. 1824-1860. For the Affiliated Tribes of Northwest Indians (ATNI)
  2004-2006   American Indian Use and Occupation of Grand Teton National Park and the National Elk Refuge. For the National Park Service.
  2004 The Significance of Fishing to the Klamath Indian Tribe, Oregon and California
  2004 Ethnographic Assessment of Juniper Butte Archaeological Sites 10 OE 5873, 10 OE 5884, 10 OE 7112/7113, 10 OE 7114, 10 OE 7115, 10 OE 7116, 10 OE 7123, 10 OE 7128, 10 OE 7129, and 10 OE 7132. For the United States Air Force, Air Combat Command, Mountain Home Air Force Base, Idaho.
  2004 Tribal Affiliation and Uses of Cultural Resources in the Boise River Drainage Focusing on the Arrowrock Dam. For the Shoshone, Paiute, and Bannock Tribes of the Duck Valley Indian Reservation, Idaho and Nevada.
  2004 Shoshone-Paiute-Bannock Cultural/Natural Resources of the Middle Fork of the Boise River, Focusing on the Atlanta Gold Project Area: A Literature Review. For the Shoshone, Paiute, and Bannock Tribes of the Duck Valley Indian Reservation, Idaho and Nevada.
  2003-present Adjudication of Klamath Tribal water rights in the Klamath River Basin, Native American Rights Fund.
  2003-2006 Ethnographic Assessment of Gowen Field Training Range for the Idaho Army National Guard and the Shoshone-Paiute-Bannock of the Duck Valley Indian Reservation.
  2003 Ethnographic Assessment of ACC (Air Force) Impacts on ETI Emitter Sites for the Shoshone-Paiute Tribes of the Duck Valley Indian Reservation
  2002-present Salish and Kootenai. Population Projections.
  2002 Tribal Natural Resource Damage Assessment for the St. Regis Mohawk Tribe.
  2001-present “The Native American Church and Ayahuasca.” Native American Church vs. O Centro Espirita Beneficiente Unaio Do Vegetal et al. (Church of Ayahuasca).
  2001-present “Shoshone-Paiute reserved rights on BLM administered lands in Hells Canyon.” Shoshone-Paiute Tribes of the Duck Valley Indian Reservation
  2001-present “Indigenous Peoples Council on Biocolonialism: American Indian intellectual property rights, traditional ecological knowledge and DNA”
  2001-present “The Shoshone-Bannock.” Shoshone-Bannock. In Draft.
  2001-present “A Nez Perce Ethnography.” In Draft.
  2001-present A Critical Examination of the Department of the Interior’s Decision to Repatriate the Kennewick Human Remains. Yakama Tribe.
  2001-present The Spirit Cave Repatriation: Prehistory and Oral Tradition in the Great Basin. Paiute-Shoshone.
  2001-present A Critical Evaluation of the Bureau of Land Management’s Evidence for Determination of Cultural Affiliation of Ancient Human Remains from Spirit Cave, Nevada, by Barker, Ellis, and Damadio (July 26, 2000). Fallon Paiute Tribe.
  2000-present Brownlee-Paddock Ethnographic and Ethnohistoric Research. BLM-Shoshone-Paiute Tribes of the Duck Valley Indian Reservation.
  2000-present NAGPRA in Southern Idaho: An Ethnographic Assessment of BLM Archaeological Collections. Ethnographic Research Conducted during 1980-1999. Shoshone-Paiute Tribes of the Duck Valley Indian Reservation.
  2000-present Washoe Tribal Uses of Natural Resources in the Vicinity of and Downstream of the Leviathan Mine. Washoe Tribe of Nevada and California.
  2000-present A Preliminary Ethnographic Impact Assessment of the Armstrong County Gunnery Range and its Impacts on the Cheyenne River Tribe. Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe.
  2000-present Critical Assessment of the Use of mtDNA and Y-Chromosome Testing for Determining Cultural Affiliation.
  1999-present Washoe. An Ethnographic Study of Washoe Tribal Cultural and Natural Resources.
  1998-present Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe. An Ethnographic Assessment of Riparian Habitats and Resources.
  1995-present Shoshone-Paiute. An investigation of the land use practices of the Shoshone and Paiute peoples in southwestern Idaho and adjacent areas.
  1994-present Shoshone-Bannock and Shoshone-Paiute. Ethnographic research concerning implementation of the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act for the Bureau of Land Management, Idaho Office.
  1994-1998 An investigation of the legal consequences and significance of the allotment of the Nez Perce Reservation.
  1994-1996 Yakama. An investigation of the Yakama system of trade and exchange.
  1993-1994 Cheyenne and Arapaho. An investigation of American Indian cultural affiliations with the F.E. Warren Air Force Base.
  1993-1994 Sacred Geography. An investigation of American Indian sacred sites protections strategies with Vine Deloria, Jr. Department of Defense Legacy Grant # 1308 to University of Colorado.
  1992-1994 A study of the Coyote character in Nez Perce mythology with Daniel Matthews for publication in 1994.
  1990-present Research Advisor on American Indian Cultures of the Columbia Plateau to the High Desert Museum, Bend, Oregon.
  1990-1999 Sahaptian Fisheries of the Columbia Basin. This project involved ethnographic and ethnohistoric reconstruction of fishing practices and tribal reliance on Columbia River fish resources.
  1990-1994 Yakima. Oral History. This project involved recording, translating, and transcribing for publication, various accounts recorded by Ellen Saluskin.
  1990-1992 Nez Perce. This project focused on the history of the Wallowa Band of Nez Perce and their relationships with other Nez Perce bands, other Colvillle groups, and with the federal government in reference to U.S. v. Oregon.
  1989-present The Traditional Arts of Idaho Tribes. This ongoing project will result in a comparative presentation and interpretation of the traditional arts of Idaho's Tribes. It is being completed through the Idaho State Historical Society and the University of Idaho Press.
  1989-1998 Coeur d'Alene. This project concentrated on traditional patterns of land use, including uses and ownership of lakes and rivers by the Coeur d'Alene Tribe in the Coeur d'Alene drainage. Establishment of the Coeur d'Alene Reservation and various related agreements between the Tribe and the federal government were investigated.
  1988-present An investigation of impacts on the Salishan and Sahaptian Tribes of the Columbia Plateau of radioactive releases from the Hanford Nuclear Facility in the State of Washington. This is part of my activities as a member of the Technical Steering Panel of the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project in which I have participated since 1987-1988.
  1987-present Lemhi Shoshone-Bannock. This project involves ethnographic and ethnohistoric reconstruction of the basic culture of the Northern Shoshone-Bannock groups that are now referred to as the Lemhi Shoshone. It includes a description of their history of contact and ultimate termination of their reservation and their removal to Fort Hall in 1905-1907. This research has resulted in several papers, reports, and professional presentations.
  1987-1999 Salish (Flathead [Bitterroot Salish]) and Kootenai. This research concentrated on traditional patterns of land use and resulted in a mapping of traditional and recent hunting, fishing, and gathering locations relied upon by the Salish (Flathead [Bitterroot Salish]) and Kootenai primarily within the Reservation boundaries. Attention had also been given to endangered sacred sites.
  1987-1998 The Tendoy Cemetery (Lemhi Shoshone-Bannock). An examination of ways of identifying, protecting, and interpreting the Tendoy Cemetery near Salmon, Idaho. This was a BLM volunteer project. Efforts culminated in a successful nomination of the site to the National Register of Historic Places and a BLM agreement with the Shoshone-Bannock Tribes concerning management of the cemetery. This project also led to nomination of the Tendoy Cemetery to the National Register of Historic Places as a Traditional Cultural Property.
  1986-present Shoshone-Bannock. This project is focused on historical and contemporary Shoshone-Bannock uses of the Salmon River region of central Idaho. It includes extensive analysis of historical documents, informant interviews, oral history, review of archaeological data, linguistic information, and various legal documents affecting Shoshone-Bannock, Nez Perce, Flathead (Bitterroot Salish)-Kootenai, and other tribal uses of this large region.
  1986-1998 Umatilla (CTUlR). This project involved ethnographic assessments of Umatilla (with Walla Walla and Cayuse) history and culture. It has resulted in several papers, reports, and video presentations concerning especially their recent history and current status.
  1984-1988 Spokane. A study of Spokane ethnography and acculturation focused on subsistence economics and the functions of riverine resources, especially fish resources and the Spokane River.
  1982-present Shoshone-Bannock. A study of the Shoshone-Bannock subsistence and territoriality in the Northern Great Basin, Western Plains, and Southern Plateau.
  1981-1983 Fort Peck Assiniboine-Sioux. A study of the functions of riverine resources in the traditional and modern subsistence practices of the Assiniboine and Lakota of the Fort Peck Reservation of Northern Montana.
  1980-1998 Sacred Geography of American Indians in the western United States. This is focused on tribes in the states of Idaho, Oregon, Washington, Montana, Nevada, Wyoming, and Colorado.
  1980-1983 Flathead (Bitterroot Salish), Pend d'Oreille, and Kutenai. A study of Flathead (Bitterroot Salish), Pend d'Oreille, and Kutenai fishing, culture, and religion relating especially to Kootenay Falls.
  1977-present Kutenai, Kalispel, Coeur d’Alene, Nez Perce, Shoshone-Bannock, Shoshone-Paiute. A continuing, long-term ethnographic survey of the American Indian cultures of Idaho that has resulted in several monographs (1978, 1980, 1982 and 1989). Others are forthcoming from the University of Idaho Press and other presses.
  1972-present An investigation of Nez Perce usual and accustomed fishing sites on the Snake, Clearwater, and Salmon Rivers of Idaho.
  1972-1974 Yakama. Preparation of texts on Yakama oral literature and history with Virginia Beavert.
  1971-1975 Blackfeet. A comparative study of culture, demography, and the impact of birth control on the Blackfeet Reservation.
  1971-1975 Wind River Shoshone-Bannock and Arapaho. A comparative study of culture, demography, and the impact of birth control on the Wind River Reservation.
  1971-1974 Nez Perce. Preparation of texts on Nez Perce oral literature and history for publication of a tribally-sponsored history with Allen P. Slickpoo, Sr.
  1969-1972 Yakama and Confederated Colville Tribes. A comparative study of traditional Yakama and Colville subsistence, land tenure, social organization and demography.
  1966-1989 A study of Nez Perce oral narratives in conjunction with Professor Haruo Aoki of the University of California at Berkeley.
  1965-present Confederated Colville Tribes. A study of Colville acculturation. Various phases of this field work have been completed, and a monograph and several articles are planned.
  1965-1969 Kutenai, Pend d Oreille, Flathead (Bitterroot Salish), Confederated Colville Tribes, Coeur d'Alene, Nez Perce, Yakima, Umatilla, and Other Sahaptian Groups. A comparative study of mutual cross-exploitation of economic resources in the aboriginal plateau, focused on Nez Perce fishing.
  1962-1965 Nez Perce. A study of Nez Perce acculturation as seen in the sweat bath complex.
  1962-1964 Nez Perce. A study of Nez Perce political and religious acculturation.
  1961 Archaeological excavation on the John Day River, Central Oregon. A study of a late period Sahaptian house pit and fishing site.
  1958-present Survey ethnographic research among Nez Perce, Coeur d'Alene, Umatilla, Yakima, Kutenai, Shoshone-Bannock, Lemhi Shoshone-Bannock, Shoshone-Paiute, and Burns Paiute as part of negotiation of the Celilo Falls settlement of fishing claims resulting from The Dalles Dam construction.
2. Education, Health, Cultural Resources, Natural Resources, and Community Development
  2003 Expert report to United States District Court, Eastern District of Wisconsin. Marny Stately, Plaintiff, vs. Indian Community School of Milwaukee, Inc., Defendant. Case No. 02-C-0817.
  2003 Ethnographic Assessment of ACC (Air Force) Impacts on ETI Emitter Sites for the Shoshone-Paiute Tribes of the Duck Valley Indian Reservation.
  2003 Ethnographic Assessment of the Gowen Field Training Area for the Idaho Army National Guard and the Shoshone-Paiute-Bannock Tribes of the Duck Valley Indian Reservation.
  2002 An Ethnographic Assessment of Shoshone-Paiute Views and Uses of Their Environment and its Natural Resources in Relation to the Rio Tinto Project, Duck Valley Indian Reservation. Report 1: Rio Tinto Project. Confidential report. In progress.
  2001-present “School Financing and Navajo Scholastic Underachievement: The Leupp Case.” In Draft.
  2001-present “Project 2001: Planning for Economic Development of the Hispanic Population in Pueblo, Colorado.”
  2001-present Integrated Cultural Resources Management Plan. Idaho Army National Guard and Shoshone-Paiute Tribes of the Duck Valley Indian Reservation. Shoshone-Paiute Tribes of the Duck Valley Indian Reservation.
  2001-present Rio Tinto Cultural Resource Assessment for Mining Impacts. Shoshone-Paiute Tribes of the Duck Valley Indian Reservation.
  2001 A Critical Examination of the Department of the Interior’s Decision to Repatriate the Kennewick Human Remains, completed for the Yakama, Nez Perce, Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Reservation, and Confederated Colville Tribes.
  2001 Milwaukee Indian Community School. Expert Testimony for Classification as a Religious Institution. Indian Community School of Milwaukee, Inc., and Carmen Bond, and Patricia Petzold-Heim. Case No. 30-CA-14687 and Case No. 30-CA-14778. Great Lakes Tribes.
  2000-present The Leupp Case Study: Applied Anthropology and Navajo Education. Navajo.
  2000-present Washoe. Washoe Tribal Uses of Natural Resources in the Vicinity of and Downstream of the Leviathan Mine. Existing Research and a Proposed Cultural Baseline.
  2000-present Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe. A Preliminary Ethnographic Assessment of the Armstrong County Gunnery Range and its Impacts on the Cheyenne River Tribe
  2000-present Shoshone-Paiute. NAGPRA in Southern Idaho: An Ethnographic Assessment of BLM Shoshone-Paiute Archaeological Collections.
  1999 Shoshone-Paiute. A Cultural Assessment of the Cascade Reservoir.
  1998-present Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe. Cultural Assessment of CRST uses of Riparian Habitats and Resources: A Feasibility Determination Report.
  1998-present Shoshone-Paiute. Traditional Cultural Properties in the Mountain Home Air Force Base for the Duck Valley Indian Reservation.
  1998 Estimated Radiation Doses to Yakama Tribal Fishermen. A Test Application of the Columbia River Dosimetry Model Developed for the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project.
  1998 Round II. Rural Empowerment Zone Application for the Rosebud Sioux Tribe.
  1997 Challenge of the 1990 U.S. Census Enumeration on the Rosebud Sioux Reservation. Presented to the Office of Housing and Urban Development.
  1996-present Shoshone-Paiute. An Ethnographic Study of Selected Traditional Cultural Properties of the Shoshone-Paiute Tribes of the Duck Valley Indian Reservation.
  1996-1998 Assessment of Housing Needs and Socioeconomic Conditions on the Rosebud Reservation.
  1996-1997 Subject Matter Expert (Anthropology/Archaeology) on Panel Estimating Probability of Inadvertent Human Intrusion into Buried Nuclear Waste Sites on the Nevada Test Site/(Bechtel, Nevada).
  1996-1997 Shoshone-Paiute. System Operations Review – NWPPC.
  1996-1997 Shoshone-Bannock. Treaty Interpretation and Reserved Hunting, Fishing, and Gathering Rights.
  1995-2001 Applied Anthropology and Navajo Education: The Leupp Case Study.
  1995-1999 Shoshone-Paiute. Ethnographic Assessment of Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA).
  1995-1999 Shoshone-Paiute. Ethnographic Research on Cultural and Natural Resource Protection, Religious Practices, and Land Use Practices – SAIC.
  1995-1998 Umatilla (CTUIR). An investigation of the growth and transformation of the enrolled population of the CTUIR.
  1995-1998 Umatilla (CTUIR). Population Growth Projections for the CTUIR.
  1994-1999 Shoshone-Paiute. Cultural Impacts of U.S. Air Force Proposal for Enhanced Training in Idaho.
  1994-1999 Shoshone-Bannock and Shoshone-Paiute. (NAGPRA) Implementation by Idaho Bureau of Land Management.
  1994-1999 Nez Perce. Allotment and Reservation Diminishment.
  1994 Hatiya "Wind." Film on the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation, with Lawrence Johnson, the CTUIR, and the Oregon Council on the Humanities.
  1993-1995 Lakota of the Rosebud. Anti-Indian Violence for the Department of Justice.
  1993-1995 Yakama. Treaty Interpretation - Trade and Exchange Practices.
  1993-1995 Cheyenne and Arapaho. Cultural Affiliations with F.E. Warren Air Force Base.
  1993-1995 Sahaptian and Salishan Tribes. Sacred Geography of the Plateau.
  1993-1994 Lakota of the Rosebud. A preliminary investigation of anti-Indian violence in support of Department of Justice litigation.
  1993 Project 2001, Pueblo, Colorado: Recommendations Concerning Economic Development of the Hispanic Population.
  1992-1998 Nez Perce. The Coyote Character in Nez Perce Mythology.
  1992-1995 Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes. National Register of Historic Places Nomination - The Medicine Tree.
  1992 "Project 2001: A Hispanic Blueprint for the 2lst Century." Paper and reports presented to the Latino Chamber of Commerce, University of Southern Colorado and Horizons Education Foundation. Pueblo, Colorado.
  1991-1995 Shoshone-Bannock. Traditional Subsistence Range and Practices Approved by Treaty of 1868
  1990-1995 Research on Education of Hispanic Students in District 60 of Pueblo, Colorado.
  1989-present Technical report prepared on factors inhibiting socioeconomic and cultural advancement of the Hispanic people of Pueblo, Colorado sponsored by the University of Colorado. This is a continuation of research being conducted in Southern Colorado since 1980, focusing on religion, demography, acculturation, and social organization of Hispanic people of the region.
  1989-1994 Hopi and Navajo. Ethnographic Survey and Research on Education.
  1989-1994 Coeur d’Alene. Lake Coeur d'Alene and Tribal Lakebed Ownership.
  1989-1990 Research into the demographic and related effects of outmarriage among the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation, Oregon.
  1989 Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation. CTUIR Study of the Population of the Umatilla Reservation and Umatilla County.
  1989 Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation. Study of CTUIR Enrollment and Population.
  1987-present Salish (Flathead [Bitterroot Salish] and Pend d’Oreille) and Kootenai. Traditional Territory and Subsistence Practices Reserved by Treaty of 1855.
  1987-1995 Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project. Member of Technical Steering Panel of Scientists directing this 8 year project funded by the Department of Energy and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
  1987-1995 Lemhi Shoshone-Bannock. Ethnographic Reconstruction and Implementation of NAGPRA, AIRFA, and Sacred Sites Legislation.
  1987-1990 Lemhi Shoshone-Bannock. Ethnographic Reconstruction of the Tendoy Cemetery
  1986-1994 Research on two projects for the Nez Perce and Umatilla (CTUlR) Tribes concerning the impact of the Basalt Waste Isolation Project and the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project (Hanford, Washington) on the Tribes and their cultural and natural resources.
  1985-1998 Estimated Radiation Doses to Yakama Indian Tribal Fishermen. A Test Application of the Columbia River Dosimetry Model Developed for the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project.
  1984-1988 Spokane. Riparian Uses and Reserved Rights of the Spokane on the Spokane River.
  1983-present Continuing consultations with the Canadian Encyclopedia, the National Geographic Society, Smithsonian Institutions Publishers, and Readers Digest in developing and producing authoritative works on the North American Indian topics, e.g., America's Fascinating Indian Heritage.
  1981-1983 Fort Peck Assiniboine-Sioux. Riparian Uses and Reserved Rights on the Missouri River.
  1980-present Sacred Geography of American Indians in the Western United States.
  1980-1983 Flathead (Bitterroot Salish), Pend d'Oreille, and Kutenai. Ethnography of Kootenay Falls.
  1978-1979 American Indian Religious Freedom Project. Native American Rights Fund, Boulder. Kurt Blue Dog, Director. Consultant, researcher, and writer.
  1977-present Kutenai, Kalispel, Coeur d'Alene, Nez Perce, Shoshone-Bannock, Shoshone-Paiute. Development of Tribally Sponsored Tribal Histories.
  1975-1978 Evaluation of American Indian Community Colleges in South and North Dakota for the American Indian Higher Education Consortium, Denver, Colorado.
  1973-1974 Yakama, Sahaptin Mythology and Religion and Tribal History in cooperation with the Yakama Tribe.
  1972-present Nez Perce. Usual and Accustomed Fishing Sites Reserved by Treaty of 1855.
  1972-present Lakota. Ethnographic Survey of Pine Ridge, Rosebud, and Fort Peck.
  1972-1994 Lakota. A continuing, long-term study of Lakota religion centered on Rosebud, Cheyenne River, and Pine Ridge, through such spiritual leaders as Dawson No Horse, Berdell Blue Arm, Wallace Black Elk, and Charlie Kills Enemy. In 1993-1994 I began a survey of interpersonal and anti-Indian violence on these two reservations.
  1972-1973 Wind River Shoshone and Arapaho. Demographic Impacts of Birth Control Programs of the Indian Health Service.
  1971-present American Indian Educational Opportunities, University of Colorado, Boulder. Advisor to Director and students.
  1971-1975 Blackfeet. Demographic Impacts of Birth Control Programs of the Indian Health Service.
  1971-1975 Nez Perce. Development of Tribally Sponsored Books on Tribal History and Oral Narratives.
  1971-1973 Nez Perce. Fishing Rights Reserved by the Treaty of 1855 .
  1971-1973 "Organization of Mental Health Services on the Rural Campus." Task Force of the WICHE Program, "Improving Mental Health Services on Western Campuses," Boulder. Lecturer and consultant on research design with John L. Schultz.
  1971-1973 American Medical Association Cancer Research Center and Hospital, Denver. Lectures concerning death and bereavement to nurses caring for cancer patients.
  1971-1973 Indian Health Service, Public Health Service, Billings, Montana. Research findings and recommendations presented concerning the impact of planned parenthood programs among American Indians on reservations in the Northern Plains, Blackfeet, Shoshone-Bannock, and Arapaho.
  1970-1973 Consultant to UPSTEP Program, Social Science Education Consortium, University of Colorado, Boulder. Lecturer and writer.
  1970 Summer Institute on Teaching of Anthropology for College Teachers. Department of Anthropology, University of Colorado, Boulder. Lecturer.
  1969-1975 Center for the Study of Migrant and Indian Education. Lectures given for teachers of American Indian students and assistance given in planning and development of curriculum materials for American Indian Students. Toppenish, Washington.
  1969-1972 Yakama and Confederated Colville Tribes. Traditional Territorial Limits and Land Use Practices.
  1969-1971 American Indian Development, Inc. Summer Institute for American Indian College Students, Denver and Spokane. Director.
  1969 Summer Institute for Secondary School Teachers in the Social Sciences: Anthropology. Eastern Oregon College, LaGrande, Oregon. Lecturer.
  1966-1998 Nez Perce. Oral Narratives: Mythology.
  1965-1998 Confederated Colville Tribes. Acculturation.
  1965-1966 Kutenai, Pend d’Oreille, Flathead (Bitterroot Salish), Confederated Colville Tribes, Coeur d’Alene, Nez Perce, Yakama, Umatilla, and other Salishan and Sahaptian Groups. Ethnographic Survey and Reconstruction.
  1963-1964 Board of National Missions of the United Presbyterian Church and Joint Session of the Nez Perce Presbyterian Churches. Evaluation of missionary impact, participation in workshops, and submission of recommendations for change in missionary policies.
  1965-present Participant in workshops for training teachers and administrators of American Indian students and school systems, writer and editor of special curriculum materials for American Indian students, and evaluator of various schools, educational laboratory programs, and curriculum innovations concerning problems of American Indian education in the following six agencies:
  1. Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory, Portland.
  2. Southwest Regional Educational Laboratory, Albuquerque.
  3. Kennedy Congressional Subcommittee on Indian Education, Portland and Washington, D.C.
  4. Idaho State Department of Education, Boise.
  5. Institute of American Indian Arts, Santa Fe.
  6. American Indian Higher Education Consortium, Denver.
  1962-1964 Nez Perce. The Nez Perce Sweatbath Complex.
  1961-1962 Archaeological Excavations on the John Day River, Central Oregon.
  1957-1958 Ethnographic and Linguistic Field Research in the Valley of Mexico.
  1956-present Long-Term, Comparative Ethnographic Research Among Nez Perce, Coeur d’Alene, Umatilla, Yakama, Kutenai, Flathead (Bitterroot Salish), Shoshone-Bannock, Shoshone-Paiute, and Lemhi Shoshone-Bannock.